• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.



Cite this page as:"paraṃ". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller.ṃ (accessed 22 Feb. 2024).
Meaning:“~ straight, even”
Word class:uninflected
Word subclass:adverb
Equivalent in TB:pere
Lexeme variants:paraṃ

Lexeme family

  • paraṃ


The form looks like a locative, but syntactically it is rather an adverb. The underlying form must have been the equivalent of TB pere 'stalk, stem'.



1A 49 b211σ /// ; wärtsparaṃ:
2A 375 a5·p· ṣolār : śākwisparaṃwe wälts walyi śākwi·
3A 375 b2näṃ : kamaśśi nuparaṃwälts lts mäckes kamsaṃ