• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 544

Known as:THT 544; B 544; Bleistiftnummer 2390
Cite this page as:"THT 544". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 22 Feb. 2024).


Main find spot:Murtuq
Expedition code:T III M 146.10
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TB; Sanskrit
Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Bilingual about doctrinal terminology
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine


Manuscript:THT 542-544
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:(7)


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// ·[v]· ga tā • a ·i ///
a2/// su khā yāṃ • e kṣa lyä ///
a3/// pā kaṃ ga cchaṃ ti • pke [l]· [e] ///
a4/// nte • kā maṃ • pe rma • ///
a5/// spe ka p·o • ya ///
b1/// ā tma vā – [p]· dā ///
b2/// tse ṣa¯ ¯rm mā rga jñā naṃ ///
b3/// mā ṇa me ke • snai y[ä] ///
b4/// te ṣa mā ne ntse • ta [th]· ///
b5/// m· • [a] – hā ryā • mā y[e] ///


a1 /// ·v· gatā • a ·i ///
a2 /// sukhāyāṃ • ekṣalyä ///
a3 /// pākaṃ gacchaṃti • pkel(ñ) e ///
a4 /// nte • kāmaṃ • perma • ///
a5 /// spek ṣäp (n)o • ya ///
b1 /// ātmavā – p·dā ///
b2 /// tse ṣarm mārgajñānaṃ ///
b3 /// māṇam eke • snai yä ///
b4 /// te ṣamānentse • tath· ///
b5 /// m· • a(nā)hāryā • mā ye ///


Philological commentary

Couvreur 1968

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Tamai 2011 C1
Tamai 2011 C14


Online access

IDP: THT 544; TITUS: THT 544


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 341


Couvreur 1968

Couvreur, Walter. 1968. “Zu einigen Sanskrit-Kutschischen Listen von Stichwörtern aus dem Catuṣpariṣasūtra, Daśottarasūtra und Nidānasaṃyukta.” In Pratidānam. Indian, Iranian and Indo-European Studies. Presented to F.B.J. Kuiper on His Sixtieth Birthday, edited by Johannes Cornelis Heesterman and et al., 275–82. The Hague and Paris: Mouton.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”

Tamai 2011

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.