• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

IOL Toch 416

Known as:IOL Toch 416; D 57
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "IOL Toch 416". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 22 Feb. 2024).


Editor:Michaël Peyrot


Main find spot:Unknown
Collection:British Library (London)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Bhikṣu-Prātimokṣasūtra
Passage:pātayantikāḥ; Ogihara: Pāt.18-25
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Vinaya


Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):6.3 × 3.4 cm
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project and the British Library.


a1/// tke lye pe waṃ ///
a2/// – 10 8 || kuse ṣa ///
a3/// [p]ā ytti tra ṅko ka ///
a4/// – rya kau¯ ¯cä – ///
a5/// tta ṅkaṃ – ///
b1/// [y]t[t]· tra ṅko ///
b2/// ·k· tsi ta ṅ[k]t[s]i ///
b3/// ññe ntse s̝a rma ///
b4/// | kuse ṣa mā ne a ///
b5/// [¯]kä s[ū] ṣa mā [ne] ///


a1 /// tkelye pewaṃ ///
a2 /// – 10-8 ॥ kuse ṣa… ///
a3 /// pāytti traṅko kä(ttaṅkäṃ) ///
a4 /// – rya kauc – ///
a5 /// (kä)ttaṅkäṃ – ///
b1 /// (pā)ytt(i) traṅko ///
b2 /// ·k·tsi täṅktsi ///
b3 /// …ññentse ṣärma… ///
b4 /// । kuse ṣamāne a… ///
b5 /// …k ṣamāne ///


a1 /// having the unmovable foot ///
a2 18 || If [a monk] ///
a3 /// (this monk) commits (Pāt.-sin. 19) ///
a4 /// at most (twice or) [three times] to be built. ///
a5 /// (this monk) commits (Pāt.-sin.) [20] ///
b1 /// (this monk commits) Pāt.-sin. (21) ///
b2 /// till ... ///
b3 /// for the sake of ... ///
b4 /// (23) If a monk (by the agreement with) a nun ///
b5 /// this monk (commits Pāt.-sin.) ///


Online access

IDP: IOL Toch 416


von Simson 2000: 64; Malzahn 2007d: 91; Peyrot 2007: №416; Ogihara 2009: 54


Ogihara 2009: 221


Peyrot 2007: №416



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Malzahn 2007d

Malzahn, Melanie. 2007d. “Tocharian texts and where to find them.” In Instrumenta Tocharica, edited by Melanie Malzahn, 79–112. Heidelberg: Winter.

Ogihara 2009

Ogihara, Hirotoshi. 2009. “Researches about Vinaya-texts in Tocharian A and B [Recherches sur le Vinaya en tokharien A et B].” PhD thesis, Paris: École Pratique des Hautes Études.

Peyrot 2007

Peyrot, Michaël. 2007. “An edition of the Tocharian fragments IOL Toch 1 – IOL Toch 822 in the India Office Library.” International Dunhuang Project.

von Simson 2000

von Simson, Georg. 2000. Prātimokṣasūtra der Sarvāstivādins. Teil II. Kritische Textausgabe, Übersetzung, Wortindex sowie Nachträge zu Teil I, nach Vorarbeiten von Else Lüders u. Herbert Härtel hg. v. Georg von Simson. Sanskrittexte aus den Turfanfunden, XI. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.