• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 297.c

Known as:THT 297.c; B 297; B 297 Frgm. 2
Cite this page as:"THT 297.c". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 09 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Toyuq
Expedition code:T II T 2
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:late

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Kāvya


Manuscript:THT 297
Material: ink on paper


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1tre nau ṣwe cce śtwā rā ka nte ña ṅka ṣk· ///
a2¯ts wi n[ā] sko || ta tha ka rā ///
b1[r]· – – || m· tr· ñ· mtsa k· ///
b2ke ke nu ma ñu pa rma ṅ[k]i [p]i [ś]m· ///
b3ci wi nā sko tu ṣi¯ ¯t ñi kcye śai ///


a1 tre nauṣw ecce śtwārā känte ñaṅka ṣk· ///
a2 ts wināsko ॥ tatha karā ///
a3 ///
b1 r· – – ॥ m(i)tr(e) ñ(e)mtsa k· ///
b2 kekenu mañu parmaṅki piśm· ///
b3 ci wināsko tuṣit ñikcye śai ///



In one frame with THT 297.a and THT 297.b. The leaf is in portrait, not landscape format. However, just as with a poṭhī leaf, it is to be flipped horizontally, not vertically as with Old Uyghur or European style books. On IDP, recto and verso are reversed.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b L
Tamai 2011a C1
Tamai 2011a C14



Sieg and Siegling 1953: 189

Online access

IDP: THT 297c; TITUS: THT 297



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”