• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

IOL Toch 926

Known as:IOL Toch 926
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "IOL Toch 926". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 04 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Michaël Peyrot


Main find spot:Unknown
Collection:British Library (London)

Language and Script

Language:TB; Sanskrit
Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Udānavarga
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine


Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):5.5 × 7.3 cm
Number of lines:4


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project and the British Library.


a1/// ·t· – – –
a2/// pta ḥ kuse s̝pa śco
a3/// • ma rdi tā
a4/// kṣ· rni ru
b1/// [k]· lyñ[e] nta
b2/// te sa bhi kṣu ḥ
b3/// – s̝pa o lya po
b4/// [r]i daṃ ja hā t[ya]


a1 n1 /// ·t· – – –
a2 n1n2 /// (prā)ptaḥ kuse ṣpä śco-
a3 -(nai)n3 /// • marditā
a4 n4 /// (bhi)kṣ(u)r niru-
b1 -(cyate)n5n6 /// (na)k(a)lyñenta
b2 n7 /// (vetha)te sa bhikṣuḥ
b3 n7n8 /// – ṣpä olyapo
b4 n8n9 /// (bhikṣu)r idaṃ jahāty a-


a1 ...
a2 [SKT]: (and who) has attained (the diminution of hatred) [TB]: and who has (attained the diminution) of hatred
a3 [SKT]: [and] crushed (the thorns of village [life])
a4 [SKT]: (he) is (verily) called a monk
b1 [TB]: scoldings, (killings and binding)
b2 [SKT]: who (does not) stagger (because of happiness and sorrow), he is a monk
b3 [TB]: (he who has not gone too far), nor (clung) too much
b4 [SKT]: (that) monk gives up this world


Parallel texts

m-tht1327; Bernhard 1965: 446-447; Hahn 2007: 140-141

Philological commentary

n1 A little piece is probably wrongly attached to the left; it is not considered in the transliteration.
n2 Uv.32.49c yaś ca dveṣakṣayaṃ prāptaḥ
n3 Uv.32.50b marditā grāmakaṇṭakāḥ
n4 Uv.32.50d sa vai bhikṣur nirucyate
n5 Uv.32.54b hy ākrośāś ca vadhāś ca bandhanaṃ ca
n6 of the k only minimal rests can be seen. If nākälñe /nákəlńe/ ‘reproach’ has a pl. nakalñenta /nakə́lńenta/, we could nevertheless equate ākrośāś ca and identify it as Uv. 32.54b.
n7 Uv.32.54d sukhaduḥkhena na vethate sa bhikṣuḥ
n8 Uv.32.55a yo nātyasaraṃ na cātyalīyaṃ
n9 Uv.32.55c sa tu bhikṣur idaṃ jahāty apāraṃ


Online access

IDP: IOL Toch 926


Tamai 2007b: №926; Peyrot 2008a: 117-118


Bernhard 1965

Bernhard, Franz. 1965. Udānavarga. Band I, Einleitung, Beschreibung der Handschriften, Textausgabe, Bibliographie. Sanskrittexte aus den Turfanfunden 10. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht.

Hahn 2007

Hahn, Michael. 2007. Vom rechten Leben, Buddhistische Lehren aus Indien und Tibet, Aus dem Sanskrit und aus dem Tibetischen übersetzt und herausgegeben. Frankfurt am Main/Leipzig: Verlag der Weltreligionen (im Insel Verlag).


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2008a

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008a. “More Sanskrit – Tocharian B bilingual Udānavarga fragments.” Indogermanische Forschungen 113: 83–125.

Tamai 2007b

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2007b. “An edition of the Tocharian fragments IOL Toch 853 – IOL Toch 1247 in the India Office Library, London.” The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.