• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

A 428

Known as:A 428; THT 1062
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling. "A 428". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 11 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Gerd Carling


Main find spot:Siŋgim
Expedition code:T II S 52.2
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TA; Sanskrit

Text contents

Text genre:Literary


Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1– – y· kt· wka· ti ri ś· ///
a2tr· ti – vaṃ vi dhā cā ro pa ///
a3jña pti sa mu ttha pa nā r·· ///
a4– – nā rthaṃ • e pe pa tnu ś· ///
a5/// pi ssa¯ ¯ṅk nu ca ///
b1/// s· wra· kā pñu [n]e ///
b2– – nā rtha¯ ¯m • e pe pa tnu ///
b3he tau saṃ ni yo ja nā rtha ///
b4bhi kṣ[u] [saṃ] gha sya pū jā ///
b5/// s·o sa m || a ///


a1 – – y·kt· wkä(ṃ) tiri ś· ///
a2 tr·ti – vaṃvidhācāropa ///
a3 jñaptisamutthapanār·· ///
a4 – – nārthaṃ • epe pat nu ś· ///
a5 /// pis saṅk nu ca ///
b1 /// s· wra(ṃ) kāpñune ///
b2 – – nārtham • epe pat nu ///
b3 hetau saṃniyojanārtha ///
b4 bhikṣusaṃghasya pūjā ///
b5 /// s (m)osam ॥ a ///



Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.


Online access

IDP: THT 1062; TITUS: THT 1062


Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 234; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 234


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1921a

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921a. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”