• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.

Work in progress

A 420

Known as:A 420; THT 1054
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling. "A 420". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 26 Feb. 2024).


Editor:Gerd Carling


Main find spot:Siŋgim
Expedition code:T II S 51.3
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TA; Sanskrit

Text contents

Text genre:Literary


Manuscript:A 418-426
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5



a1/// tñi ma rka mpa ///
a2/// m· va • ṣñi ñe mi ///
a3/// ja la jai ri va • lyä¯ ¯m ṣñi ///
a4/// tsko ntyo • sva ni rvā nte na ///
a5/// lā śa śi pra bhā • ṣi ///
b1/// śśi • pra ti pā ta bo ///
b2/// va nā me ya • ta mne wä kn[ā] ///
b3/// [ra] ma sti te • pa loṃ ṣi [n]· ///
b4/// ja no na ne ṣṭe na ///
b5/// i· m·¯ ¯l kā kro pu ///


a1 /// tñi märkampa ///
a2 /// (svaratnair) (ākara)m (i)va • ṣñi ñemi ///
a3 /// (saraḥ) (sva)jalajair iva • lyäm ṣñi ///
a4 /// tskontyo • svanirvāntena ///
a5 /// (saka)lā śaśiprabhā • ṣi ///
b1 /// śśi • pratipātabo ///
b2 /// vanāmeya • tämne wäknā ///
b3 /// ram asti te • paloṃṣi n· ///
b4 /// jano na neṣṭena ///
b5 /// i·m·l kākropu ///



Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).


Online access

IDP: THT 1054; TITUS: THT 1054



Sieg and Siegling 1921: 231; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 231


Hackstein 1995: a4 (141)


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”