• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 539

Known as:THT 539; B 539; Bleistiftnummer 2851
Cite this page as:"THT 539". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 02 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Khočo (Dakianus)
Expedition code:T III D 15
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TB; Sanskrit
Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Bilingual list of doctrinal terms
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Doctrine


Manuscript:THT 527-540
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// m·ṃ e ///
a2/// wra ntsai ///
a3/// ·k· ka tk[a] lyi • u pa ///
a4/// [n]iṃ • kuse nai nt[a] ña ke ///
a5/// meṃ • a pe to grā ma ///
b1/// [ñc]· tstse • u trā sī [mau] ///
b2/// sy[ā] va nu – [t]e • lai ///
b3/// ri tāṃ • ma ka mñai ///
b4/// • pe ///
b5/// sa ///


a1 /// m(e)ṃ e ///
a2 /// wrantsai ///
a3 /// ·k· katkalyi • upa ///
a4 /// niṃ • kuse nai nta ñake ///
a5 /// meṃ • apeto grāma ///
b1 /// ñc·tstse • utrāsīmau ///
b2 /// syāvanu – te • lai ///
b3 /// ritāṃ • makamñai ///
b4 /// • pe ///
b5 /// sa ///



In one frame with THT 540 and m-tht540bf.


Online access

IDP: THT 539; TITUS: THT 539


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 337-338



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”