• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 342

Known as:THT 342; THT 1585.a; B 342
Cite this page as:"THT 342". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 06 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Expedition code:T III MQR, T III MQ 44.6
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:archaic

Text contents

Title of the work:Pūrṇikā-Jātaka
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Jātaka/Avadāna
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Manuscript:THT 338-344
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:3=7


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// pū dñä kte ntse kre ñce pī pa ///
a2/// mā lne pū rnni ka dṛ ṣṭā ntaka s·e ///
a3/// [a] l(·)e ·āṃ pā ṣa [tū] [s]ā ///
b6/// nts· pe lai kne wro tse spe ltke ///
b7/// wä [n]·e¯ – no nwau yä npū dña kte ywau ///


a1 /// pūdñäktentse kreñcepī pä ///
a2 /// mālne pūrnnikadṛṣṭānt«†ä» ṣkäs(t)e ///
a3 /// al·e ·āṃ pāṣa tūsā ///
b5 ///
b6 /// nts· pelaikne wrotse speltke ///
b7 /// wän·e – no nwau yän pūdñakte ywau ///



Edited as no. 342 in Sieg and Siegling 1953: 223-224, the fragment now has the pressmark THT 1585.a. On IDP, recto and verso are reversed. This mansucript is basically written in the common archaic script type, but it already shows standard-shaped signs beside the old ones (e.g., open-shaped 〈ma〉 beside closed-shaped); cf. Malzahn 2007e: 264.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A1
Malzahn 2007e A5
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 342, THT 1585a; TITUS: THT 342


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 223-224



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Malzahn 2007e

Malzahn, Melanie. 2007e. “The most archaic manuscripts of Tocharian B and the varieties of the Tocharian B language.” In Instrumenta Tocharica, edited by Melanie Malzahn, 255–97. Heidelberg: Winter.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”