• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

PK AS 19.11

Known as:PK AS 19.11; Pelliot Koutchéen Ancienne Série 19.11 (number in 1982)
Cite this page as:Georges-Jean Pinault; Hannes A. Fellner. "PK AS 19.11". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 06 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Georges-Jean Pinault; Hannes A. Fellner
Date of online publication:2014-07


Expedition code:M 504 (provisional number 764)
Collection:Bibliothèque nationale de France, fonds Pelliot Koutchéen (Paris)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Pratītyasamutpāda
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Abhidharma


Manuscript:PK AS 19
Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):5.4 × 9.9 cm
Number of lines:4-5
Interline spacing:1.2 cm


Images from by courtesy of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des Manuscrits, Pelliot koutchéen.


a1/// – – – [na] – – – – – – – – ///
a2/// e – [p]r· – – e ka ñ· ññ[e] ///
a3/// ska – – ○ ///
a4/// [l](·) skeṃ [s]kwa [ss]· – – ·e ///
b2/// tu meṃ pa ñä k[te] – ///
b3/// [•] tu meṃ pa ñä ○ ///
b4/// ye ta rka naṃ [ck]e nta re skeṃ lym· ///
b5/// ·ä ·ā p· [ma] ska [s]· – – a [st]ā ///


a1 /// – – – na – – – – – – – – ///
a2 /// e – pr· – – ekañ(i)ññe ///
a3 /// skä – – ///
a4 /// l(na)skeṃ skwass(oñc) ·e ///
b2 /// tumeṃ pañäkte – ///
b3 /// • tumeṃ pañä(kte) ///
b4 /// ye tärkanaṃ ckenta reskeṃ lym(antane) ///
b5 n1 /// ·ä ·ā p· maskäs· – – astā(ṣṣe) ///


a2 ... possession ...
a4 ... they go out, happy ...
b2 ... Thereupon the Buddha-lord ...
b3 ... Thereupon the Buddha-lord ...
b4 ... they emit ... the rivers flow into the lakes ...
b5 ... of the bones ...



The fragments of the PK AS 19 series (19.1-19.22) all belong to the same manuscript. This little fragment is the left side of a leaf including the string hole in line 3. Recto and verso cannot be identified. Some of the lines show remnants of akṣaras from another leaf.

Philological commentary

n1 There seems to be form of the verb mäsk- 'to exchange' attested in this line, but it can not be identified with absolute certainty.