• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 492

Known as:THT 492; B 492
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz. "THT 492". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 08 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Adrian Musitz


Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script


Text contents

Text genre:Non-literary
Text subgenre:Letter


Material: on paper
Number of lines:6


a1śi la ra ki te ā rya wa rmeṃ tsa mo yṣu wa rsa pre kaṃ se ssa ta tte ri ne me
a2ske ṣṣe[ṃ] cā neṃ ai ṣlyi tā kaṃ pa rso e tte [p]ai yka śka [p]lā wa se ssa ta tteṃ ya ka
a3lypa[¯] [¯s̝] tā kaṃ mā pla ṅkaṃ me ski ṣi [t]o ñi sta re [p]a rso lywā wā[¯] [¯]ś plā¯ ¯ś a ṣkā
a4ra mā ly[w]ā sta [śa] ko· [n]e
b1ā rya wa rme ntse ai ṣle
b2ma kka ri


a1 śilarakiten1 āryawarmeṃ tsamo yṣuwarsa prekṣäṃ sessatatte rine me
a2 skeṣṣeṃ cāneṃ aiṣlyi tākaṃ parso ette paiyka śka plāwa sessatatteṃ yaka
a3 lypaṣ tākaṃ mā plaṅkṣäṃ meski {ṣ/p}ito ñi stare parso lywāwāś plāś aṣkā-
a4 -r«†ä»lywāsta śak o(k)ne
b1 āryawarmentse aiṣle
b2 makkari


a1 Śilarak(ṣ)ite asks Aryawarme with much friendliness. Sessatatte (is) in town.
a2 If the coins for the joints (?) have to be given, write a letter down and send it. If Sessatatte still
a3 has any (joints) leftn2 , he shall not sell them. The joints are my price. I sent you a letter but you
a4 haven't sent an answer back. On day eight.
a5 (This letter) is to be given to Aryawarme.


a1+ Śīlarakṣita asks Āryavarman in a very friendly manner: Śeṣadatta has to give the stringed coins in town. If [you have] the letter, sign [it] and send [it to me]! If Śeṣadatta (Peyrot 2013c: 345)
a3+ has sent [them] nevertheless, he should not sell [them]: the strings are my price. I have sent you a letter, [but] you haven’t sent an answer. (Peyrot 2013c: 345)


Philological commentary

It is unclear what is meant by "joints" in this document.
n1 We would expect Śilarakṣite. This form probably does not reflect something sprachwirklich, but is just an orthographical error, since we wouuld expect the cluster 'kṣ' to be pronounced as 'ʈʂ', like in Gāndhārī (cf. Brough 1962: 72-73, Baums 2009: 168).
n2 Interpreting lypaṣ as a mistake for lypoṣ (=lipoṣ). This would be a much better fit semantically and syntactically than taking it to be a form of lu- 'send'. lip- can be used transitively, meaning 'be left for somone' (cf. PK LC 36 a4). Thus, Sessatatteṃ lipoṣ tākaṃ would be a perfectly good sentence, lu- on the other hand would give us trouble.


Online access

IDP: THT 492; TITUS: THT 492


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 305-306; Adams 2012a: 9; Carling 2000: 160; Krause 1952: 31; Schmidt 1974: 48 n.3; Thomas 1985b: 88, 90; Peyrot 2013c: 345; Schmidt 1974: 450; Thomas 1957: 148; Thomas 1981: 489; Krause 1952: 158; Thomas 1958b: 303; Krause 1952: 29; Thomas 1957: 148; Krause 1952: 38


Peyrot 2013c: a1 a2 (345), a3 a4 (345)


Adams 2012a

Adams, Douglas Q. 2012a. “Another look at three Kuci-Prākrit–Tocharian B bilinguals.” Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 13: 7–55.

Baums 2009

Baums, Stefan. 2009. “A Gāndhārī commentary on Early Buddhist verses: British Library Kharoṣṭhī fragments 7, 9, 13 and 18.” PhD thesis, Washington: University of Washington.

Brough 1962

Brough, John. 1962. The Gāndhārī Dharmapada. London.

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Krause 1952

Krause, Wolfgang. 1952. Westtocharische Grammatik, Band I. Das Verbum. Heidelberg: Winter.

Peyrot 2013c

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013c. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1958b

Thomas, Werner. 1958b. “Zum Gebrauch des prohibitiven mar bzw. im Tocharischen.” Central Asiatic Journal 3: 289–308.

Thomas 1981

Thomas, Werner. 1981. “Indogermanisches in der Syntax des Tocharischen: Zum Ausdruck eines Gebotes und Verbotes.” In Festschrift der Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft an der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, 481–97.

Thomas 1985b

Thomas, Werner. 1985b. “Toch. B tsamo < *tsämä́mo?” Indogermanische Forschungen 90: 88–93.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”