• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 462

Known as:THT 462; B 462
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz. "THT 462". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 08 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Adrian Musitz


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:late

Text contents

Text genre:Non-literary
Text subgenre:Account


Following fragment:THT 461
Material: ink on paper


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1śta rcce pra «ti» w· ·n· ///
a2tune¯ ¯k ka pyā re¯ ¯s śwa si ṣṣe śwā r· [c]· [k]· ·[m]· ///
a3mi ka pri śka ntse k[a] ·c·
a4e ṣe wa ltsā re ci na tyu ti ntse ka pci •
a5o ta¯ ¯k tu ki kaṃ ntse pe ri sa rmwā tsai śi ṅke ntse ya¯ ¯p wsā wa cā kta rya tau¯ ¯m
a6/// ·e [ya]¯ ¯[p] ca k· le ye rpsa blank ca ku le ntse ka pci
a7/// – ///

(continues on THT 461)


a1 śtarcce pratiw(aṅk)n(e)n1 ///
a2 tunek kapyāres śwasiṣṣe śwār(a) c(a)k(an)m(a) ///
a3 mikapriśkantse ka(p)c(i)
a4 eṣe waltsāre cinatyutintse kapci
a5 otakn2 tukikäṃntse peri sarmwātsai śiṅkentse yapn2 wsāwa cāk tärya taum
a6 (tun)e yap cak(u)le yerpsa cakulentsen3 kapci
a7 /// – ///

(continues on THT 461)


a1 (In the) fourth (month) on the day of the full moon...
a2 Therein, for the consumption of the kapyāri: four piculs...
a3 Mikapriśka's finger-measure.
a4 ... ground together. Cinatyuti's finger-measure.
a5 Then, through the debt of Tukik..., I gave Śiṅle barley: a picul, three pecks.
a6 Therein, Cakule oversaw the barley. Cakule's finger-measure.

(continues on THT 461)


Philological commentary

n1 This akṣara is written smaller than the others. It was added in later.
n2 otak has the virāma-dot on the 'ta', just as yap has it on 'ya'.
n3 This name is composed of ca- (cf. casene and catewe in SI 5874 a7) and -kule.


Online access

IDP: THT 462; TITUS: THT 462


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 297; Ching 2010: 289-290; Thomas 1954a: 761; Thomas 1957: 140-142


Ching 2010

Ching, Chao-jung. 2010. “Secular documents in Tocharian: Buddhist economy and society in the Kucha region.” PhD thesis, Paris: École Pratique des Hautes Études.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Thomas 1954a

Thomas, Werner. 1954a. “Die Infinitive im Tocharischen.” In Asiatica. Festschrift Friedrich Weller. Zum 65. Geburtstag, gewidmet von seinen Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern, edited by Johannes Schubert and Ulrich Schneider, 701–64. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”