• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 440

Known as:THT 440; B 440
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz. "THT 440". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 22 Feb. 2024).


Editor:Adrian Musitz


Language and Script

Linguistic stage:late

Text contents

Text genre:Non-literary
Text subgenre:Account


Material: ink on paper


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1– ka py· r·¯ ¯s ÷ kl· s· m[a] sa ta [r]y[a] t·¯ ¯m
a2[pa] ñcwa ri ke dha rma ra kṣi te lyā ka 金 sa ṅka ste re ā ///
a3[śa] ṣka sne – te ka pyā re¯ ¯s kle se ta rya to¯ ¯m se [n]e mi tre
a4kce¯ ¯s yi kṣye tau


a1 /// – kapy(ā)r(e)s ÷ kl(e)s(e) masa tarya t(o)m ///
a2 pañcwarike dharmarakṣite lyākasaṅkästere ā… ///
a3 śaṣkäsne te kapyāres klese tarya tom senemitren1 ///
a4 /// (amo)kces yikṣye tau


a1 ... for the kapyāri: klese was spent: three pecks...
a2 The Pañcwarike Dharmarakṣite saw it 金. The Saṅkastere...
a3 On day sixteen, this (is) the klese for the kapyāri: three pecks. Senemitre...
a4 ... flour for the artisans: a peck.


Philological commentary

n1 The 'n' here looks very strange. The name is also unexpectedly senemitre instead of *senamitre.


Online access

IDP: THT 440; TITUS: THT 440


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 291-292



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”