• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 395.a

Known as:THT 395.a; Bleistiftnummer 2747
Cite this page as:"THT 395.a". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 01 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Expedition code:T III MQ 46
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:archaic

Text contents

Title of the work:Life of the Buddha
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Jātaka/Avadāna
Verse/Prose:prose; verse


Manuscript:THT 394-395
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:(7)


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// m· ra ṅk[ā] [r]· ///
a2/// pe cce wlai śka ///
a3/// (–) mo rnta pa(·)· ///
a4/// [3] te klye w[ṣa] ///
a5/// ai kne ///
a6/// tsi ///
b2/// wka ///
b3/// le ke(·)· ///
b4/// sku sai rā mt[y]· ///
b5/// ma ntyä kne l[y]· ///
b6/// ne ścwai ka rne sā ///


a1 /// m· räṅkār(e) ///
a2 /// pecce wlaiśkä ///
a3 /// – mornta pa ·(au) ///
a4 /// 3 te klyewṣa ///
a5 /// aikne ///
a6 /// tsi ///
b2 /// wka ///
b3 /// le ke ·(e) ///
b4 /// skusai rāmt y· ///
b5 /// mänt yäkne ly· ///
b6 /// neśc waikärnesā ///



THT 395.a-h are eight small fragments belonging to the same manuscript as THT 394. Fragment THT 395.a has been put under one frame with THT 394.1; only partly edited in Sieg and Siegling 1953: 263 as no. 395.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A1
Tamai 2011a A2
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 395a; TITUS: THT 395


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 263



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”