• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 256

Known as:THT 256; B 256; Bleistiftnummer 2636
Cite this page as:"THT 256". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 06 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Specific find spot:Rothkuppelraum
Expedition code:T III MQR 84 (on the frame)/ T III MQ 46 (on the fragment)
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:archaic

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Kāvya


Manuscript:THT 252-265
Leaf number:5
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1– – – ·m· – [ly]· – ta nma ske ntra ///
a2– [ka] lpā skeṃ wno lmi lkā skeṃ 6 lo ///
a3– nt[ā] ce yai ke ntra co ka nm[a] ///
a4– – mai kne kau rs̝a[ṃ] ts[lā] nte ra [ś](·)e ///
b2– [s]ta nmā ne sn[ai] n· k· [e] ///
b3– nmā yo rsa pū [d]ñä kte ntse – ///
b4– lyai kmā ka la kle wä rpnā ntra – [n]t· nā lye ///
b5– – – rk[ā] l[ñe] [ñā] tse wro tse se spo rtto ///


Xx – – – ·m· – ly· – tänmäskenträ ///
6d 13σ a2kälpāskeṃ ; wnolmi lkāskeṃ 6
7a lo /// 13σ
Xx a3n1 – ntā cey aikenträ cokänma ///
Xx a4– – maikne kaurṣäṃts lānte ra ś·e ///
Xx b1/// b2– stänmāne snai n· k· e ///
Xx b3– nm= āyorsa pūdñäktentse – ///
Xx b4– lyaik māka läkle wärpnānträ – nt· n ālye ///
Xx b5– – – rkālñe ñātse wrotse se sportto(tär) ///



Line a5 is lost. Fragment from the leaf directly preceding THT 257.

Philological commentary

n1 ntā can also be just nta

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A1
Tamai 2011a C1
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 256; TITUS: THT 256


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 157



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”