• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 191

Known as:THT 191; B 191; Bleistiftnummer 2361
Cite this page as:"THT 191". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 07 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Murtuq
Expedition code:T III M 145
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TB; Sanskrit
Linguistic stage:late

Text contents

Title of the work:Abhidharmakośa
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Abhidharma


Manuscript:Abhidharmakośa δ
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a2/// kl· ///
a3/// nta re ntse sva [bh]· ///
a4/// dra vyi meṃ gu ṇa pa ///
a5/// rs̝aṃ • tai¯ ¯ñä vai śa ṣi ke ///
b1/// ñce pa dā¯ ¯rth mā wa rwa ///
b2/// ske ta¯ ¯r • cau e pre rne ///
b3/// ci ma skeṃ ta¯ ¯r • sa ///
b4/// mpa e ·e ///


a2 /// kl· ///
a3 /// ntarentse svabh· ///
a4 /// dravyimeṃ guṇapa ///
a5 /// rṣäṃ • taiñ vaiśaṣike ///
b1 /// ñce padārth mā warwa ///
b2 /// sketär • cau eprerne ///
b3 /// ci mäskeṃtär • sa ///
b4 /// mpa e ·e ///



In one frame with THT 190. Lines a1 and b5 are lost. On IDP, recto and verso are reversed.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b L
Tamai 2011a C1
Tamai 2011a C14



Sieg and Siegling 1953: 109-110

Online access

IDP: THT 191; TITUS: THT 191



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”