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THT 1108

Known as:THT 1108; KVāc 16
Cite this page as:Hannes A. Fellner; Theresa Illés (collaborator). "THT 1108". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-tht1108 (accessed 25 May 2024).

Edition

Editor:Hannes A. Fellner; Theresa Illés (collaborator)

Provenience

Main find spot:Unknown
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Language:Skt.; TB
Linguistic stage:classical
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Karmavācanā
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Vinaya
Verse/Prose:prose

Object

Manuscript:THT 1102-1125
Preceding fragment:THT 1107
Following fragment:THT 1109
Material: ink on wood tablet
Form:Poṭhī
Size (h × w):5.6 × 29 cm
Number of lines:5

Images

Transliteration

(continues from THT 1107)

a1sā rtsä mṣe ñca na po yśi pa ñi kte pa – ·[t]· /// /// lyka ce nne nau ṣa ñi pa ñi kti piṃ twā tw[ä] rpā nte lya ka ce pā
a2trai [y]ne ce ne o mpo staṃ tsa ṅka lyi [wa] rpa na ntra ly[e] c· – – – – – pa ñi kte ma kte pā trai eṃ ksa te te¯ ¯k a ka lyṣa lyeṃ tsyā tka
a3te p· tr· e ṅk· – – [s] – ¯r· t· sa śau¯ ¯l śa wa ṣä le sta rc· kwri ya kte [s]ke y·ṃ ka piṃ twā ta śwā tsi ka llā ta wä rpa na le mā
a4no ka l·ā ta tā [p]ā [tr]ai – y· [s]ka ṣ[ṣ]ä le sta rcä mā śwā tsi tse pe rne sa śau lśai yñe ṣpa rka ṣä le sta rc[ä] pā trai no te ce ya ma
a5– – – – – e ṅka(·) (–) ñca s·e te ka ṣpa ñ· ·e p· l·o ne pyā mtsa rma k[t]e te pā tro śu ke e ṅka ṣṣe ñca ste tai sa ñi¯ ¯ś pa pā ṣo
b1– – – – – – ṣṣe ñca tā k[o] ymä kre ntau na¯ ¯ts [p]·· [r]· – [k]· yma || [t]· ña ke pre· [s]·· ta¯ ¯ñ sā pā tro po ñce ñi ai śai te pyā mtsa¯ ¯r śau la su ñi¯ ¯ś
b2– [ñ]e mts· tā pā trai pru ca mñai e ṅka ske ma¯ ¯r so lmī yai pā trai rṣā ka ññe bha jaṃ te ta rya we ṣä le || ta ve daṃ pā traṃ po¯ ¯ñ ma ma sa ma nvā ha rā yu ṣmā·
b3a ha mi tthaṃ nā ma i daṃ pā traṃ pā ri bho gi ka ma dhi ti ṣṭhā pa ri pū rṇaṃ pā traṃ ṛ ṣi bhā ja na¯ ¯m e vaṃ dvi ra pi tṛ ra pi || ña ke u pā dhyā
b4ye ya ska ṣa le sta rcaṃ te ra no p[o] yśi pa ñi kte ka ṣṣi tse [y]ai· ·au· – – – [ṃ]· – tya ma lye pi o no lme tse u pā dhyā ye ya ska ṣä le kā tsi ce
b5pa ñi kte pre ke sa ku śa la mū la ci o no· ·ī – ·eṃ /// /// [r]· ṇā ga mtsa : wa sa npā tya ma ṣṣe re ke te tu śca ku¯ ¯ś la mu la nta

(continues on THT 1109)

Transcription

(continues from THT 1107)

(saṃ)-
a1-sārn1n2n3n4 tsämṣeñcana poyśi pañikte pa·t· /// /// lykacenne nauṣañi pañikti piṃtwāt wärpānte lyakace pā-
a2-traiynen5n6 cene ompostaṃ tsaṅkalyi warpananträ lyec· – – – – – pañikte makte pātrai eṃksate te-k akalyṣalyeṃts yātka
a3n7 te p(ā)tr(o) eṅk(aṣalya) s(ta)r(-c) t(ai)sa śaul śawaṣäle star-c(ä) kwri yakte-skey(e)ṃ ka piṃtwātä śwātsi källātä wärpanale
a4n8n9 no käl(l)ātä pātrai(sa) y(a)skaṣṣäle star-cä śwātsitse pernesa śaul śaiyñe ṣparkäṣäle star-cä pātrai no te ce yama-
a5-(lyñesa)n10 – – – – – eṅka(ṣṣe)ñca s(t)e te ka ṣpä ñ(ak)e p(a)l(sk)one pyāmtsar mäkte te pātro śuke eṅkaṣṣeñca ste taisa ñiś papāṣo-
b1-(rñe)n11n12 – – – – (eṅka)ṣṣeñca tākoymä krentaunats p(āt)r(o) (tā)kymät(e) ñake pre(k)s(au-c) tañ pātro poñ ce ñi aiśai te pyāmtsar śaulasu ñiś
b2n12n13n14 (te) ñemts(a) pātrai prucamñai eṅkaskemar solmīyai pātrai rṣākäññe bhajaṃ te tarya weṣäle
tavedaṃ pātraṃ poñ mama samanvāharāyuṣmā(ṃ)
aham itthaṃnāma idaṃ pātraṃ pāribhogikam adhitiṣṭhā paripūrṇaṃ pātraṃ ṛṣibhājanam evaṃ dvir api tṛr api
ñake upādhyā-
b4-yen16n17n18 yaskaṣale star-caṃ te rano poyśi pañikte käṣṣitse yai(tk)au(rsa) (wasa)ṃ(pā)t yamalyepi onolmetse upādhyāye yaskaṣäle kātsi ce
b5n19n20n21 pañikte prekesa kuśalamūläci ono(lm)ī·eṃ /// /// r·ṇāgamtsa : wasanpāt yamaṣṣ{e/a}re kete tuśca kuślamulänta

(continues on THT 1109)

Translation

(continues from THT 1107)

a1[they] increase the [stay in the] saṃsāra. The Omniscient, the Buddha, (ate [his] alms food from a bowl(?)). From bowls(?) (also) the earlier Buddhas ate alms food, [and] from a bowl(?),
a2the eating bowl, the [Buddhas] to arise later [will eat their alms food]. ... The Buddha himself seized the eating bowl [and] just this [he] commanded [his] pupils [to do].
a3Therefore (you shall) seize the eating bowl. Thus you shall earn [your] living: If with little effort you may acquire alms food to eat, [you shall] consume [it]; [if,]
a4however, [you do] not acquire [it in this way], you shall beg for [it] (with) this eating bowl. But you shall not, for the sake of food, let fade away [this way of] earning [your] livelihood. For (in order to(?)) do this
a5(the monk?) seizes the eating bowl. And this now do in your mind: Just like the eating bowl seizes the essence [rasa], just so I
b1wish (to seize the bowl of) moral conduct [and] be a bowl [vessel] of virtues! This (I) now ask (you): [Is] this your eating bowl? Say: [Yes, it is] mine. Pay heed to this, venerable one! I,
b2N.N., seize this excellent eating bowl, an eating bowl undamaged, a vessel for ṛṣis. This [must] be said thrice. [These words must be repeated in Skt.]: [Is] this your eating bowl? Say: [Yes, it is] mine. Pay heed to this, venerable one!
b3I, N.N., seize this excellent eating bowl, an eating bowl undamaged, a vessel for ṛṣis. Thus a second [and] a third time. Now you shall ask for a teacher [upādhyāya].
b4Thus also the being to be ordained, (at the) bidding of the Omniscient, the Buddha, shall ask for a teacher. Why this? Because
b5at the time of the Buddha, the beings which were equipped with the roots of good [kuśalamūlāni] (went from the house) [and] were ordained (without a teacher), [only] (by the threefold) taking (of refuge). These that had therefore gathered the roots of good

(continues on THT 1109)

Commentary

Philological commentary

The supplementation and commentaries follow Schmidt 1986: 14, 16, 133.
TB: tañ sā pātro ... ñi aiśai te pyāmtsar śaulasu ñiś (te)-ñemts(a) tā pātrai prucamñai eṅkaskemar solmīyai pātrai rṣākäññe bhajaṃ
Skt.: tav=edaṃ pātraṃ ... mama samanvāhar=āyuṣmā(ṃ) aham itthaṃnāma idaṃ pātraṃ pāribhogikam adhitiṣṭhā(mi) paripūrṇaṃ pātraṃ ṛṣibhājanam
n3The gap contains about 8 akṣaras.
n4lykacenne should be read thus rather than lyka cenne.
n12The TB translation precedes the text of the Skt. model (lines b2-3). The two versions are conforming exactly:
n16On ñake upādhyāye yaskaṣale cf. Upasampadājñaptiḥ, p.8, 11 tataḥ paścād upādhyāyo yācitavyaḥ.
n21The gap contains about 8 akṣaras.

Remarks

According to Schmidt 1986 iv-v the ms. comes either from Qizil or from Tumšuq.
From this leaf the full width is preserved, consisting of 10 pieces. To the right of the string hole lines a1-2 are missing over a stretch of about 7 and 4 cm respectively.
The original ms. was 29 cm wide and 5.6 cm high, with the string hole 6.5 cm from the left margin. It was written by at least three hands: scribe 1, a beautiful, delicate script, from leaf 1 to 11 a1; scribe 2, distinguished by a number of orthographical idiosyncrasies/errors, from leaf 11 a1 to and including 19; scribe 3 from leaf 20 to end. The final leaves A and B THT 1123 and THT 1124 may have been written either by scribe 2 or a fourth hand. Cf. Schmidt 1986: v, 2, 4
The leaf is in hand 2.

Linguistic commentary

n1pañikte for pañäkte; nauṣañi for nauṣaññi; pañikti for pañäkti; piṃtwāt for pintwāt.
n2lykace (Obl.Sg.; lykacenne Loc.Pl.), name for a vessel, perhaps ‘bowl (?), cup(?)’.
n5ompostaṃ for ompostäṃ; warpananträ for wärpanantär; pañikte for pañäkte; eṃksate for eṅksate; akalyṣalyeṃts for akalṣälyeṃts.
n6warpananträ sic! for wärpananträ.
n7eṅkaṣalya for eṅkaṣälya; śawaṣäle for śawaṣṣälle; star-cä for star-c; piṃtwātä for pintwāt; källātä for källāt; wärpanale for wärpanalle.
n8källātä for källāt; yaskaṣṣäle for yaskaṣṣälle; star-cä for star-c; śaiyñe for śailñe; ṣparkäṣäle for ṣpärkaṣṣälle; star-cä for star-c.
n9The last word in this line must be a case form of the abstract noun yamalyñe, most likely the perlative yamalyñesa (as supplemented).
n10papāṣorñe for papāṣṣorñe.
n11tākoymä for tākoym; krentaunaṃts for krentaunats; tākymä for tākoym; śaulasu for śaulassu.
n13weṣäle for weṣṣälle; prucamñai for pruccamñai; solmīyai for solmiyai.
n14prucamñaim Obl.Sg.Fem. of pruccamo ‘excellent’ (cf. THT 1122 b2). This ms. so far contains the only attestations of TB forms of the adj. pruccamo (= TA pruccamo).
n15adhitiṣṭhā is to be corrected to adhitiṣṭhāmi.
n17yaskaṣale for yaskaṣṣälle; star-caṃ for star-cä for star-c; pañikte for pañäkte; käṣṣitse for käṣṣintse; yaitkaursa for yaitkorsa; onolmetse for onolmentse; yaskaṣäle for yaskaṣṣälle; kātsi for kāttsi.
n18starcaṃ sic! Should be corrected to starcä (for starc). yaitkaursa sic! for yaitkorsa.
n19pañikte for pañäkte; onolmī for onolmi; wasanpāt for wasaṃpāt; kuślamulänta for kuśalamūlänta.
n20yamaṣṣere sic! Scribal error for yamaṣṣare. tuśca sic! for tuścä (= tuśc). r·ṇāgamtsa most likely to be corrected and supplemented to (triśa)r(a)ṇagamtsa. kuś\lamulänta sic! for kuśalamulänta.

References

Online access

IDP: THT 1108; TITUS: THT 1108

Edition

Tamai 2014: 373-374; Tamai 2007a: №1108; Schmidt 1986: 14-15, 48-49

Translations

Schmidt 1986: a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 (79-81); Tamai 2014: a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 (373-374)

Bibliography

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Schmidt 1986

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1986. “Fragmente eines buddhistischen Ordinationsrituals in westtocharischer Sprache. Aus der Schule der Sarvāstivādins. Text, übersetzung, Anmerkungen und Indizes.” Habilitation.

Tamai 2007a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2007a. “A preliminary edition of unpublished texts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” Thesaurus indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan collection. http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/tht.htm.

Tamai 2014

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2014. “The Tocharian karmavācanā.” Annual Report of the International Research Institute for Advanced Buddhology (ARIRIAB) at Soka University for the Academic Year 2013 17: 365–94.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.