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IOL Toch 81

Known as:IOL Toch 81; H 149.292
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "IOL Toch 81". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-ioltoch81 (accessed 21 May 2024).

Edition

Editor:Michaël Peyrot

Provenience

Main find spot:Unknown
Collection:British Library (London)

Language and Script

Language:TB; OT.; Skt.
Linguistic stage:classical
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Lines 2-4 of the verso contain a karmavācanā formula as in §84 of Härtel.
Text genre:Literary

Object

Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:11

Images

Images from idp.bl.uk by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project and the British Library.

Transliteration

a1/// | meṃ bi kki | pū rkā kāṃ kā yo ///
a2/// lo no rmeṃ : pū rkā kāṃ nau¯ ¯m pi¯ ¯t ///
a3/// ti kkā yo lo no rmeṃ : pa rkmā ///
a4/// to ñiṃ kā yo no rmeṃ | 3 pū rkā ///
a5/// kāṃ kā yo loṃ tuṃ¯ ¯m | pū rkā kāṃ ///
a6/// nau¯ ¯m pi¯ ¯t ti kkā yo loṃ tu¯ ¯m ///
a7/// pa rk[m]ā to ñiṃ /// /// kkā yo loṃ ///
a8/// tuṃ¯ ¯m | bho /// /// kuṃ a rkuṃ ya ///
a9/// ra kuṃ ca | /// /// pū rkā kāṃ pū ///
a10/// yu¯ ¯r mi¯ ¯śśe | se kk[e]¯ ¯s do sūṃ¯ ¯nä | ///
a11/// nau¯ ¯m pi¯ ¯t ti keṃ | ko sā tk[ā] ///
a12/// lyi | u mā rmeṃ | a ri tti ko [s]ā ///
a13/// tā yiṃ | 3 ka¯ ¯l ti ku¯ ¯t pu – ///
a14/// mi¯ ¯śä to ñiṃ – – – [m]ā – ///
a15/// ··ṃ (–) – ///
b1| hā yi – ·ā ·i (–) – | u – m· – – m· ni – s· – – – si • i lo – – ///
b2|| sa ma nvā ha rā yu ṣ[m]·ṃ a [d]·a – gha sya pra v[ā] r· ṇ[ā] pā ñca da ś· k[ā] ///
b3bhi kṣo bha da ntaṃ sa ṅgha ·ṛ t· sthā ne [p]·a [v]ā ra yā mi dṛ ṣṭe na ś[r]u t· – ///
b4jā naṃ pa śya ā pa ·iṃ ya [th]· – – – – – – ·i ṣyā mi (–) ·y· ne ṣtu nu – ///
b5se po sta¯ ¯k ka lyā t· ///
b6aṃ a na ma sa rva jñā ya vi ga ta ma la pra jña | ///
b7tā | ka ssā kko | yo lo ko | po lā yiṃ | mai tre ye | pū rka kāṃ pi¯ – | – ///

Transcription

a1män bikkibur xaganka yö-
a2-lönörmän : bur xagan nom bi-
a3-tigkä yölönörmän : bar(ï)gma
a4n1 toñinka yönörmeṃ । 3 bur xa-
a5-ganka yölöndümbur xagan
a6nom bitigkä yölöndüm
a7bar(ï)gma toñinka yölö-
a8-dümbo kün arkun ya-
a9-ragunčabur xagan bu-
a10-yurmïšn2n3säkkez tözün
a11n4 nom bitigenközädgä-
a12-liumarmänarïtï közä-
a13-däyin । 3 kaltï kut bu(l)-
a14-mïš toñin – – – ma
a15··n – –
b1 yi·ā ·i – – । u – – ni – – – siilo – – ///
b2samanvāharāyuṣm(ā)ṃ ad(y)a (saṃ)ghasya pravār(a)ṇā pāñcadaś(i)kā ///
b3bhikṣo bhadantaṃ saṅgha (k)ṛt(e) sthāne p(r)avārayāmi dṛṣṭena śrut(ena) ///
b4jānaṃ paśya āpa(tt)iṃ yath(ā) – – – – – – (pratikar)iṣyāmi·y· ne ṣtu nu – ///
b5se postak kalyāt· ///
b6aṃ a nama sarvajñāya vigatamalaprajña । ///
b7kässākkoyölögöbolayïnmaytreyebur xagan pi· । – ///

Other

a1+I, B., betake myself to the Lord Buddha. (Maue 2008: 63)
a2+I betake myself to the law of the Lord Buddha. (Maue 2008: 63)
a3+I betake myself to the monk(s). 3 (times to repeat) (Maue 2008: 63)
a4+I (now) have betaken myself to the Lord Buddha / to the law of the Lord Buddha / to the monk(s). (Maue 2008: 63)
a8+Henceforth (lit.: today (and) later) I long to watch suitably the eight good commandments ordered by the Lord Buddha; may I watch (them) completely. 3 (times to repeat) (Maue 2008: 63)
a13+Just as a monk, who has attained the blessed stage [...] (Maue 2008: 63)
b2Listen, venerable Sir. Today (is) prāvaraṇā, held on the fifteenth (day), for the assembly. For me too today is prāvaraṇā, held on the fifteenth. I, (Maue 2008: 61)
b3the monk nn, invite, Sir, the assembly (to instruct me) at the prepared place according to what was seen, heard or suspected. May the assembly instruct me out of mercy. (Maue 2008: 61)
b4Knowing (and) seeing (my) sin, I shall expiate (it) according to the rule. ... (Maue 2008: 61)
b5This book [belongs to? Or: was written by/is titled?] Kalyāṇa[...] (Maue 2008: 61)
b6aṃ a, homage to the omniscient, to [...], whose knowledge is unstained [...] (Maue 2008: 61)
b7... refuge may I become; the Lord Buddha Maitreya ... (Maue 2008: 63)

Commentary

Philological commentary

The recto is in Turkic, but not according to the normal spelling conventions for brāhmī. Line b7 is in Turkic, too, whereas line b5 is in Tocharian B. Although all margins are torn, at least the Turkic text on the recto is continuous – it was clearly written after the leaf was torn. Lines b1-b4 are written in a rather small hand, lines b5-6 in a rather large one, line b7 in between. Transliterations and transcriptions follow Maue (Maue 2008).
n1"yönörmeṃ": for "yölönörmän"
n2"säkkez": for "säkkiz"
n3-yur\miśśe\: certainly for miśś\; the virāma dot was mistakenly written as an "e" vowel mark.
n4"bitigen": for "bitigin"

References

Online access

IDP: IOL Toch 81

Edition

Peyrot 2007: №81; Härtel 1956: 122-123; Maue 2008

Translations

Maue 2008: a1 a2 (63), a2 a3 (63), a3 a4 (63), a4 a5 a6 a7 a8 (63), a8 a9 a10 a11 a12 a13 (63), a13 a14 (63), b2 (61), b3 (61), b4 (61), b5 (61), b6 (61), b7 (63)

Bibliography

Härtel 1956

Härtel, Herbert. 1956. Karmavācanā. Formulare für den Gebrauch im buddhistischen Gemeindeleben aus ostturkestanischen Sanskrit-Handschriften. Sanskrittexte aus den Turfanfunden, III. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Maue 2008

Maue, Dieter. 2008. “Three languages on one leaf: On IOL Toch 81 with special regard to the Turkic part.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 71: 59–73.

Peyrot 2007

Peyrot, Michaël. 2007. “An edition of the Tocharian fragments IOL Toch 1 – IOL Toch 822 in the India Office Library.” International Dunhuang Project. http://idp.bl.uk/database/oo_cat.a4d?shortref=Peyrot_2007.