• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

IOL Toch 257

Known as:IOL Toch 257; H 150.46; D.46
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "IOL Toch 257". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 11 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Michaël Peyrot


Main find spot:Unknown
Collection:British Library (London)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:abhidharma (Broomhead)
Text genre:Literary


Leaf number:80-7
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project and the British Library.


a1– [r]· – (–) – (–) – – ///
a2y· m· [ṣṣ]· – – – – y· nta¯ ¯r n· w· ln· ///
a3meṃ ṣai kuse s̝pa po ne ño ra meṃ ṣai to¯ ¯yä ///
a4[n]a s·ā – mpa ta se ma ne • se ṣu kta nte pa ñä ///
a5– – – – ·e ka rsa na lle 10 7 || tva mo ghe ///
b1– – • dv· pa – pre ṅke • ·r· ṇaṃ • wa ste • kṣa [t]· ///
b2ṣū wa r· ya ma ṣṣe ñca na pe lai kne nta a ksa ṣ[ṣ]e ///
b3ne le le ku ṣai cwī no kuśa la mū la nta a ///
b4la kle sa ñe ñu – ṣai ña kti ai śai ya ma ṣa ///
b5– – o – – – (–) ///


a1 – r· – – – – – – ///
a2 y(a)m(a)ṣṣ(a) – – – – y·ntär n· w· ln· ///
a3 …meṃ ṣai kuse ṣpä pone ñorameṃ ṣai toy ///
a4 …na s(t)ā(na)mpa tasemane • se ṣuktante pañä(kte) ///
a5 – – – – ·e kärsanalle 10-7 ॥ tvamoghe ///
b1 – – • dv(ī)pa (•) preṅke • (t)r(ā)ṇaṃ • waste • kṣat· ///
b2 …ṣūwa r(a) yamaṣṣeñcana pelaiknenta aksaṣṣe(ñca) ///
b3 …ne leleku ṣai cwī no kuśalamūlänta a… ///
b4 laklesa ñeñu(sku) ṣai ñakti aiśai yamaṣa ///
b5 – – o – – – – ///



"Written in small ductus, with left edge and top line of recto abraded, otherwise quite clear. Verso rather clearer, showing five lines, but only four are legible. Left hand edge" (Broomhead 1962a: 56).


Online access

IDP: IOL Toch 257


Peyrot 2007a: №257; Broomhead 1962a: 56


Hackstein 1995: b4 (181); Thomas 1957: a3 (76), b3 (306), b4 (306)


Broomhead 1962a

Broomhead, J. W. 1962a. “A textual edition of the British Hoernle, Stein and Weber Kuchean manuscripts. With transliteration, translation, grammatical commentary and vocabulary. I = Edition.” PhD thesis, Cambridge: Trinity College.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2007a

Peyrot, Michaël. 2007a. “An edition of the Tocharian fragments IOL Toch 1 – IOL Toch 822 in the India Office Library.” International Dunhuang Project.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.