• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

A 435

Known as:A 435; THT 1069
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling. "A 435". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 11 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Gerd Carling


Main find spot:Khočo (Dakianus)
Expedition code:T I D18
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script


Text contents

Text genre:Literary


Manuscript:A 429-435
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:4


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// nwā¯ ¯t w[ä] [r]p· – –
a2/// n[e] wka nyo śā ptsā te • tma[¯] [¯s̝] – ṅka
a3/// e sa lye ypi ṣi mo so e – e lu
a4/// kā su ka lko
b1/// nuna¯ ¯k s[e] ñ·
b2/// sa¯ ¯m wa¯ ¯s̝t lmo ku rya [ru] [kā] – ¯t ā
b3/// s̝· lmo ntā¯ ¯p śäṃ e kro tstā kaṃ – [k]· pyo śo
b4/// wa¯ ¯s̝t


a1 /// (pi)nwāt wärp· – –
a2 /// ne wkänyo śāp tsātetmäṣ (ptā)ṅkä
a3 /// esälye ypiṣi moso e(l) elu
a4 /// kāsu kälko
b1 /// nunak se ñ·
b2 /// säm waṣt lmo kuryaru kā(ma)t ā
b3 /// (wa)ṣ(t) lmontāp śäṃ ekrots tākaṃ – k· pyo śo
b4 /// waṣt


b2 this householder fetched goods of trade



Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.



Online access

IDP: THT 1069; TITUS: THT 1069


Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 238; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 238


Schmidt 1974: a2 (480)


Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1921a

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921a. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”