[Error: Requires JavaScript.]


Work in progress

A 417

Known as:A 417; THT 1051
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Angelo Mascheroni (translation). "A 417". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a417 (accessed 13 Jun. 2024).


Editor:Gerd Carling; Angelo Mascheroni (translation)


Main find spot:Sengim
Expedition code:T II D 12
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Language:Skt.; TA

Text contents

Title of the work:Karmavācanā
Text genre:Literary


Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:4



a1– – traka¯ ¯l pra vā r· ///
a2– traka¯ ¯l • || sa ///
a3·y· dha rma ra kṣi to bhi ///
a4tṛ bhi sthā nai pra vā ra yā [mi] ///
b1vaṃ saṃ gha sya ya smā ttu [ṣṇ]i ///
b2|| śṛ ṇo tu bha da ///
b3pta kā laṃ kṣa ma te ///
b4– kā ra¯ ¯m traka ntā¯ ¯p ///


a1n1 – – träṅkäl pravār· ///
a2n2träṅkäl • ॥ sa ///
a3n3 ·y· dharmarakṣito bhi ///
a4tṛbhi sthānai pravārayāmi ///
b1n4 vaṃ saṃghasya yasmāt tuṣṇi ///
b2n5śṛṇotu bhada(nta) ///
b3n6 (prā)ptakālaṃ kṣamate ///
b4kāräm träṅkäntāp ///


a1... has to say ...
a2... has to say ...


b4... "by the one who reciting the ritual formula" ... (Ogihara 2009: 465)


Philological commentary

n1According to Carling and Pinault 2023: 306 s.v. pravārāpākāñc*, we might have a fragmentary attestation of the equivalent of Skt. pravārāpaka-.
n2I restored the double daṇḍa after the dot, see Sieg and Siegling 1921: 230.
n3Together with Ogihara 2009: 157-158, I think we can restore ·y·, based on the akshara traces on the manuscript.
n4Maybe we could restore (e)vaṃ saṃghasya, cf. THT 1111 a2-a3.
n5Based on A 415 a3, THT 1110 a5;, b2;, b4 and on THT 1115 b5, together with Ogihara 2009: 465, we can restore śṛṇotu bhada(nta).
n6The restoration (prā)ptakālaṃ is supported e.g. by A 414 b3 and A 417 b3. See also Ogihara 2009: 465.


Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).


Online access

IDP: THT 1051; TITUS: THT 1051



Sieg and Siegling 1921: 230; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 230


Ogihara 2009: b4 (465)


Carling and Pinault 2023

Carling, Gerd, and Georges-Jean Pinault. 2023. Dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Ogihara 2009

Ogihara, Hirotoshi. 2009. “Researches about Vinaya-texts in Tocharian A and B [Recherches sur le Vinaya en tokharien A et B].” PhD, Paris: École Pratique des Hautes Études.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Personal annotated copy of Wilhelm Siegling. Scanned by Douglas Q. Adams with the technical assistance of Michael Tarabulski and Kevin Dobbins. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.