Work in progress

A 415

Known as:A 415; THT 1049
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Angelo Mascheroni. "A 415". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 25 Apr. 2024).


Editor:Gerd Carling; Angelo Mascheroni


Main find spot:Sengim
Expedition code:T II S 19.11
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Language:Skt.; TA

Text contents

Title of the work:Karmavācanā
Text genre:Literary


Manuscript:A 415-416
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// sa¯ ¯s śai [y]y· s· na : ///
a2/// u tsa ha si tvaṃ • wä rya ///
a3/// : śṛ ṇo tu bha da [nt]· ///
a4/// ṣ· nma ntuṃ • ba hi ///
b2/// gha : i yaṃ wä rya ///
b3/// ra ci ntā ca bhi kṣu ///
b4/// k· ṇyau saṃ gha sya • śai ///
b5/// [nt]ā ca bhi k· ṇyau • saṃ ///


a1 n1 /// säs śaiyy(ā)s(a)na : ///
a2 n2 /// utsahasi tvaṃ • wärya(cintā) ///
a3 /// : śṛṇotu bhadant· ///
a4 /// ṣ·n mantuṃ • bahi ///
a5 ///
b1 ///
b2 /// gha : iyaṃ wärya(cintā) ///
b3 /// (udā)racintā ca bhikṣu ///
b4 /// k(ṣu)ṇyau saṃghasya • śai ///
b5 /// ntā ca bhik(ṣu)ṇyau • saṃ ///


a1 ... bed and seat ...
a2 ... Vīryacintā ...
a3 ...
a4 ...
a5 ...
b1 ...
b2 ... iyaṃ Vīryacintā ...
b3 ...
b4 ...
b5 ...



Part of a "Nonnenritual", as noticed by Sieg and Siegling 1921: 229. The name wäryacintā appears in A 408.p a4;, b1, A 416 a3, probably in A 416.a b3 and, according to Ogihara 2009: 474, also in m-tht4026 a2. Fragments A 415-416 have been identified as Karmavācanā by Ogihara 2009: 481.
Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.

Philological commentary

n1 I restored śaiyy(ā)s(a)na according to Carling and Pinault 2023: 474, s.v. śaiyyāsana; cf. also A 416.a a2.
n2 Based on A 416 a3 and according to Carling and Pinault 2023: 438, s.v. Wäryacintā, we can safely restore wärya(cintā) both here and in line b2.


Online access

IDP: THT 1049; TITUS: THT 1049



Sieg and Siegling 1921: 229-230; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 229, p. 230


Carling and Pinault 2023

Carling, Gerd, and Georges-Jean Pinault. 2023. Dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Ogihara 2009

Ogihara, Hirotoshi. 2009. “Researches about Vinaya-texts in Tocharian A and B [Recherches sur le Vinaya en tokharien A et B].” PhD thesis, Paris: École Pratique des Hautes Études.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”