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Announcements

  • The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.

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A 378

Known as:A 378; THT 1012
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Michaël Peyrot; Michaël Peyrot. "A 378". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a378 (accessed 04 Dec. 2023).

Edition

Editor:Gerd Carling; Michaël Peyrot; Michaël Peyrot

Provenience

Main find spot:Šorčuq
Expedition code:T III Š 32.3
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TA
Script:classical

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Meter:M25

Object

Manuscript:A 375-378
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:5

Images

Images from idp.bl.uk by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.

Transliteration

a1/// ñci¯ ¯s su¯ ¯k pa lske¯ ¯s kā cke wi nā sa[¯] [¯m] tñi tā¯ ¯m wa śeṃ : 5 wsā ṣyo ple tsā kki¯ ¯ñä tseṃ o ppa
a2/// ○ śā lyā spā cyā¯ ¯s la [la] ṅku ntiṃ s· mt[ā] ke¯ ¯ñcä : tseṃ śā kwi¯ ¯s ku sraṃ tma śśä ltā skmāṃ tñi śā lyi pā
a3/// ○ śpa [rṣiṃ] a k[mla] śśä¯ ¯l : tseṃ yo kā¯ ¯ñä ra traṃ ā rkya¯ ¯nt wsā yo kā¯ ¯ñä [śā] kwä¯ ¯s̝ lyme nä¯ ¯s̝ ka msä¯ ¯s̝
a4/// ○ ywā¯ ¯r tr· we ñci : pu tti śpa rṣi nāṃ «po» «ntsāṃ» ka pśa ñi koṃ [ñka] tto ki wo rpu¯ ¯nt klya ntra wi nā sa mci [ca]¯ ¯m a
a5/// kā kro pu¯ ¯s̝ e saṃ ñä kci(·) wsā ṣiṃ pā re nno ki lyā¯ ¯k¯ – a ṣu¯ ¯k pra tsa kci : wsā ṣ[ṣ]āṃ o ṅka l[m]e [ś]·

Transcription

5d (vi) a1n1 /// ; (āri)ñcis suk ; pälskes kācke ; wināsam tñi ; tām waśeṃ : 5
6a wsāṣy-ople«ṃ» tsākkiñ ; tseṃ oppaa2(lṣiñi)n2 ; /// ; śālyās pācyās ; laläṅkuntiṃ ; s(a)m tākeñc :
6b tseṃ śākwis kusraṃ ; tmaśśäl tāskmāṃ tñi ; śālyi a3(ci) ; /// ; (putti)śparṣiṃ ; akmlaśśäl :
6c tseṃ-yokāñ rätraṃ ; ārkyant wsā-yokāñ ; śākwäṣ lymenäṣ ; kamsäṣ a4n3 (aśnäṣ) ; (swāñcenāñ) ywār ; tr(i)weñci :
6d puttiśparṣināṃ ; pontsāṃ kapśañi ; koṃ-ñkätt oki ; worpunt klyanträ ; wināsam-ci ; cam aa5(kmal)
7a /// ; kākropuṣ esäṃ ; ñäkci(ṃ) wsāṣiṃ ; pārenn oki ; lyāk wä(rts) aṣuk ; pratsak ci :
7b wsāṣṣāṃ oṅkälme ; ś·

Translation

a1 happiness of the heart [and] joy of the mind. I honour this voice of yours. 5. As if tsākkis of golden lotuses [and] ... of blue lotuses ...
a2 were hanging down equally to the left [and] the right, in the blue hairdress of your hair are comparable to that: the left [and] right
a3 ... together with [your] Buddha rank face. When the blue, red, white, and golden (rays) from your hair, lips, teeth [and]
a4 (eyes) mix together, they stand surrounding [your] whole Buddha rank body like the sun god. I honour that (face) of yours.
a5 ... gathered shoulders, like a divine golden throne flat, broad and wide [is] your chest. Of a golden elephant ...

Commentary

Remarks

Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
A 377 is the recto of the same leaf.

Linguistic commentary

For the use of the subjunctive in metaphors, see Peyrot 2013c: 262-3.

Philological commentary

The metre is 4x25 syllables (subdivision 5 ¦ 5 ¦ 8 ¦ 7). The strophes of this side continue directly from A 377. vi [1] /// (āri)ñcis suk pälskes kācke ¦ wināsam tñi tām waśeṃ : 5 (11 syll. missing) wsāṣy-ople〈ṃ〉 tsākkiñ ¦ tseṃ oppa(lṣiñi ¦) [2] /// śālyās pācyās ¦ laläṅkuntiṃ s(a)m tākeñc : [6a] (4 syll. missing) tseṃ śākwis kusraṃ ¦ tmaśśäl tāskmāṃ tñi ¦ śālyi pā [3] (ci) /// (¦ putti)śparṣiṃ akmlaśśäl : [6b] (7 syll. missing) tseṃ-yokāñ rätraṃ ¦ ārkyant wsā-yokāñ ¦ śākwäṣ lymenäṣ kamsäṣ [4] (aśnäṣ ¦ swāñcenāñ) ywār tr(i)weñci : [6c] (6 syll. missing) puttiśparṣināṃ ¦ pontsāṃ kapśañi ¦ koṃ-ñkätt oki worpunt klyanträ ¦ wināsam-ci cam a(kmal : 6) [6d] (1 syll. missing) [5] /// ¦ kākropuṣ esäṃ ¦ ñäkci(ṃ) wsāṣiṃ pārenn oki ¦ lyāk wä(rts) aṣuk pratsak ci : [7a] (5 syll. missing) wsāṣṣāṃ oṅkälme ¦ ś· [7b]
n1 wsāṣy-ople〈ṃ〉 tsākkiñ: Sieg and Siegling read oplen sākkiñä\ (Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 209), but compare this form in their grammar to A 192 b1 tsākkiñ (Sieg et al. 1931: 101). Here tsākkiñ is read, but it should be noted that the anusvāra that this reading requires has to be added against the manuscript. (ople(ṃ) sākkiñ in Carling et al. 2009: 89b is a typographical error.) As for the meaning, the context in my view suggests that it should be a part of a lotus, for instance "petals". I.e. the hair of the Buddha is as beautiful as lotus flowers hanging down on both sides.
n2 kusraṃ: as pointed out by Itkin 2011: 251, this form can only be a loc.sg., not a nom.du. (pace Carling et al. 2009: 157–158). For the meaning, he suggests 'toison', i.e. 'mop' instead of Carling's 'braid'.
n3 (aśnäṣ ¦ swāñcenāñ): aśnäṣ 'from the eyes' as the fourth term is suggested by e.g. VAV10.1–20, which describe the eyes, the lips and the teeth of the Buddha (cf. Hartmann 1987: 269; the next strophes there concern body hair rather than hair of the head). swāñcenāñ 'rays' is suggested by the colours mentioned before. With these restorations, the metre fits.

References

Online access

IDP: THT 1012; TITUS: THT 1012

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 209; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 209

Translations

Knoll 1996: a1 (105), a3 (117), a5 (136); Kölver 1965: a5 (14); Thomas 1969a: a4 (250); Thomas 1979a: a3 (244); Winter 1985a: a2 (585)

Bibliography

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Hartmann 1987

Hartmann, Jens-Uwe. 1987. Das Varṇārhavarṇa des Mātṛceṭa. Sanskrittexte aus den Turfanfunden, XII. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Itkin 2011

Itkin, Ilya B. 2011. “Review of: A Dictionary and Thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j.” Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 12: 243–54.

Knoll 1996

Knoll, Gabriele. 1996. “Die Verwendungsweisen der Adjektive im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Kölver 1965

Kölver, Bernhard. 1965. “Der Gebrauch der sekundären Kasus im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Peyrot 2013c

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013c. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Sieg and Siegling 1921a

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921a. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

Sieg et al. 1931

Sieg, Emil, Wilhelm Siegling, and Wilhelm Schulze. 1931. Tocharische Grammatik. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Thomas 1969a

Thomas, Werner. 1969a. “Bemerkungen zum Gebrauch von toch. A ptāñkät [B pañäkte, pudñäkte], A koṃ [B kauṃ]: A koṃñkät [B kauṃñäkte] usw.” Orbis 18: 235–68.

Thomas 1979a

Thomas, Werner. 1979a. “Ein neues tocharisches Prātimokṣa-Fragment der Bibliothèque Nationale.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 92: 235–68.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”

Winter 1985a

Winter, Werner. 1985a. “‘Left’ or ‘right’?” In Historical Semantics, Historical word-formation, edited by Jacek Fisiak, 583–95. Trends in linguistics, Studies and monographs 29. Amsterdam: Mouton.