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A 256

Known as:A 256; THT 889
Cite this page as:Gerd Carling; Georges-Jean Pinault; Hannes A. Fellner; Bernhard Koller. "A 256". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a256 (accessed 06 Dec. 2023).

Edition

Editor:Gerd Carling; Georges-Jean Pinault; Hannes A. Fellner; Bernhard Koller
Date of online publication:2016-09-20

Provenience

Main find spot:Šorčuq
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 79.04
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TA
Script:classical

Text contents

Title of the work:Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka
Passage:Act 26
Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Drama
Verse/Prose:prose; verse
Meter:M17; M12

Object

Manuscript:M-β
Leaf number:2 100 50 3
Preceding fragment:A 254
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:8

Images

Images from titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de by courtesy of the Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS).

Transliteration

(continues from A 254)

a1– – sā ri[¯] [¯s] o ma sku ne || ci tra śo kaṃ || tā lo ā rki śo [ṣ]i /// /// ṣñ· kle ślya lypa – – – – –
a2ntaṃ me tra¯ ¯k ptā ñka tpā ka rnāṃ tsu klo pa ntwä s̝tsa lpṣa¯ ¯nt : kuya lmā na ṣme – – ·t· [ñ]kt· [c]w· – – – – [ṣ]ñ· pā crā sa rki : 1 || tmasa mśa ṅkhe ca kkra va rtti slā¯ ¯nt se siṃ he [wä] – – –
a3ya neṃ pa rwa tāṃ se lā ntu ne yaṃ a bhi ṣe kya¯ ¯s̝ ṣñi la pa ṣpro pma hu· k· kmu ra¯ ¯s̝ u drā ya ne sla pā to ra s̝traka¯ ¯s̝ || ha ri ṇa plu taṃ || lyu krā ka kmu sāṃ pu rpā rt[k]aṃ – –
a4ssi se : ā pa spā cra śśi ś ○ a śmu¯ ¯nt slyi ca mma rka tka¯ ¯t : ppā ṣā rpā pṣu ne pa ṣṣe lpa śśä mta lke yntu : pyā myä¯ ¯rk kra ñcä śśi peṃ ṣ«ā» ryko ñcä¯ – – – –
a5¯s̝ : 1 || tmasa msiṃ he wä¯ ¯l ○ o ka ttmāṃ śtwa rwä¯ ¯lts śpā lu ñcä swra ssa śśä¯ ¯l ñä kci wä llo ki sne yä¯ ¯rm wra ssä ṣyä rka¯ ¯nt ma ṅka la nt· [w]· – – – – –
a6ti ri yä s̝la ntä¯ ¯s̝ ä nta nne ne sa ma nta pu¯ ¯s̝p sa ṅkrā mta mne yä ṣsa ṅkrā maṃ ka kmu ra¯ ¯s̝ ā ṣā ni kāṃ me tra kaṃ ptā ñka¯ ¯t ye twe sla kṣa ṇä syo ka knu¯ ¯nt – – – – – – –
a7lko ra ṣwe yeṃ nāṃ tsu traka¯ ¯s̝ o te ta preṃ lkā lu ne o te ta preṃ kā swo ne o te ta preṃ pa rno re • ma tne wä¯ ¯lts ko ññä kta¯ ¯ñä ma tne wä¯ ¯lts ma ññä [kta] – – – – – – – –
a8– – ka knu ṣṣi tsrā kpa rko ṣtā ke¯ ¯ñcä ma tne na ytu ntu yo po lkāṃ tseṃ kro pṣi tsrā¯ ¯k tka nā ṣtmo tā¯ ¯s̝ • ma tne pu ksa lpmāṃ ñe mi ntw[ā] ṣi kure kā rtā¯ ¯s̝ ma – – – – – – – – –
b1– [t]tra ṣtā mtā¯ ¯s̝ ma tne ci ndā ma ṇi syo ye tu ja mbu nā¯ ¯ṭä wsā ṣi ṣu ltā s̝sa [lp]m[āṃ] swā ñce nā syo – w· ñi ka rpa ra nyo – [tu] ta mne sā sme tra [k]· – – – – – – – – –
b2ñi || ku tsmā taṃ || swā sa ṣci ñcro ne ta mnapa lskaṃ pa rno re : tsma ṣkā cke plā nto wi kapa ltska¯ ¯s̝ klo pśu rā¯ ¯m : nka¯ ¯s̝ sne pa rno re ytata rwa mtra [ṣ]ñi – – – – – – – –
b3lyi pu tti śpa rṣi ka pśi ñi : 1 || o te ta preṃ we yeṃ wra¯ ¯m a kma lṣiṃ ye rpe yaṃ pe nu ca ṣi me tra¯ ¯k ptā ññä kte ne ṣkā ka tku¯ ¯s̝ ptā ññä kta ñta ryā kwe pi l· – – – – – –
b4mpu¯ ¯s̝ ā ne ñci lkā ntra ta ○ mma tne ā ṣā ni¯ ¯k ra tna śśī khi • pra ṇā te • śrī sa mbha ve • kau ṇḍi ṇye • su da rśa ne • su ne tre • ·ṛ dhi rā ṣtre • – – – – –
b5pa ṅka re • pra bha ṅka re • ta ○ mo nu te • siṃ he • ma he ndre • a ni ru ddhe • sū jā te • ca ndre • sū ma ne • ha rī ci • pa ra mā rtha da rś[i] • a tyu – – – –
b6tta re • śre ṣṭi • śa mi tā ri • a ṅgi ra the • bhā gī ra the • bra hme • bra hmā yu • bra hma da tte • i ndra da ne • ra tna śai le • sa rvā rtha sā dha ne • i ndra dhva je • sa· v· – – –
b7ra tna dhu ri • pa dmo tta re • ya śo tta re • su vā di • vi ma le • pra bo – – ·ī tā ri – – si ṣ(·)e • jo ti ke tu • ra ṣa bhe • bha ra dvā je • hī tai ṣi • a rtha da rśi • vi – – –
b8– ·ye – pu ṣye • vi pa śyi • śi khī • vi śva bhu • kra ka su ndi • /// /// [p]·ā ñ·¯ ¯ñä a – [l]·[i]ṃ ·e rpe yaṃ [ā] ne ñci lkā ntraṃ || – – – –

Transcription

(continues from A 254)

(tä)-
a1 -(preṃ)n1 (saṃ)sāris omäskunecitraśokaṃ
1a tālo ārkiśoṣi ; /// 11σ
1b 12σ /// ; ṣñ(i) kleś lyalypä(ntwaṃ) (:)
1c (kupre) (o)a2ntaṃ metrak ; ptāñkät pākär nāṃtsu ; klopäntwäṣ tsälpṣant :
1d kuyal näṣ me(trakäṃ) ; (p)t(ā)ñkt(a)c w(aṣtäṣ) (läntam) ; ṣñ(i) pācrā särki : 1 ॥
tmäṣ säm śaṅkhe cakkravarttis lānt se siṃhe wä(l) (udrā)-
a3 -yaneṃn2 pärwatāṃ se lāntuneyaṃ abhiṣek yaṣ ṣñi lapäṣ prop mahu(r) k(ā)kmuräṣ udrāyanes lapā toräṣ träṅkäṣhariṇaplutaṃ
1a lyukrā kakmusāṃ ; purpār tkaṃ (el) ; (pā)a4ssi se :
1b āpas pācräśśi ; śaśmunt slyi cam ; mar katkat :
1c ppāṣār pāpṣune ; paṣṣ el päśśäm ; talkeyntu :
1d pyām yärk krañcäśśi ; peṃṣār ykoñcä(s) ; (yaläntwä)a5ṣ : 1 ॥
tmäṣ säm siṃhe wäl okät-tmāṃ śtwar-wälts śpāluñcäs wrassaśśäl ñäkci wäll oki sne yärm wrassäṣ yärkant maṅkalänt(u) w(ärpnāmāṃ) (ketuma)-
a6 -ti riyäṣ läntäṣ äntanne ne samantapuṣp saṅkrām tämne yäṣ saṅkrāmaṃ kakmuräṣ āṣānikāṃ metrakäṃ ptāñkät yetwes lakṣaṇäsyo kaknunt (parnontsāṃ) (kapśiññā) (pä)-
a7 -lkoräṣ weyeṃ nāṃtsu träṅkäṣ ote täpreṃ lkālune ote täpreṃ kāswone ote täpreṃ parnoremät ne wälts koñ ñäktañ mät ne wälts mañ ñäkta(ñ) – – – – – – –
a8 – – kaknuṣ ṣitsrāk pärkoṣ tākeñc mät ne naytuntuyo polkāṃtseṃ krop ṣitsrāk tkanā ṣtmo tāṣ • mät ne puk sälpmāṃ ñemintwāṣi kurekār tāṣ mä(t) (ne) – – – – – – – (pari)-
b1 -(jā)tträ ṣtām tāṣ mät ne cindāmaṇisyo yetu jambunāṭ wsāṣi ṣul tāṣ sälpmāṃ swāñcenāsyo (pe) w(a)ñi kär-paränyo (ye)tu tämne sās metrak(äṃ) (pättāñkte) (puttiśparṣi) (kapśa)-
b2 -ñin3kutsmātaṃ
1a swāsäṣ ciñcrone ; tämnäṣ pälskaṃ ; parnore :
1b tsmäṣ kācke plānto ; wikäṣ pältskäṣ ; klop śurām :
1c nkäṣ sne parnore ; ytäṣtär wamträ ; ṣñi (āñcäm) (:)
1d (asinät) (lkā)b3lyi ; puttiśparṣi ; kapśiñi : 1 ॥
ote täpreṃ weyeṃ wram akmalṣiṃ yerpeyaṃ penu caṣi metrak ptāññäkte neṣ kākätkuṣ ptāññäktañ taryāk we pi l(akṣaṇäsyo) (yetuṣ) (wā)-
b4 -mpuṣn4n5 āneñci lkānträ täm mät ne āṣānik ratnaśśīkhipraṇāteśrīsambhavekauṇḍiṇyesudarśanesunetre(dh)ṛdhirāṣtre • – – – (dī)-
b5 -paṅkaren5prabhaṅkaretamonutesiṃhemahendreaniruddhesūjātecandresūmaneharīciparamārthadarśiatyu(ttame) (•) (u)-
b6 -ttaren5śreṣṭiśamitāriaṅgirathebhāgīrathebrahme • brahmāyu • brahmadatte • indradaneratnaśailesarvārthasādhaneindradhvaje • sa(r)v(ābhibhu) (•)
b7 n5 ratnadhuripadmottareyaśottaresuvādivimaleprabo(dhane) (•) (j)ītāri (•) (vā)siṣ(ṭh)e • jotiketu • räṣabhe • bharadvāje • hītaiṣiarthadarśi • vi(raje) (•)
b8 n5 (tiṣ)ye (•) puṣyevipaśyiśikhīviśvabhukrakasundi(kanakamuni) (•) (kāśyape) (•) (śākyamuni) p(t)āñ(tka)ñ a(kma)l(ṣ)iṃ (y)erpeyaṃ āneñci lkānträṃ ॥ – – – –

Translation

(continues from A 254)

a1 (Oh what) maliciousness (of the Saṃsāra!) || In the Citraśoka-tune: || The world is miserable ... ... to their own Kleśas (and) deeds.
a1+ (By chance thus) the Buddha-god Maitreya has appeared, the liberator from sufferings.
a2 Why should I not leave from the house to Maitreya, the Buddha-god, following my father? 1. ||
a2+ Thereupon this king Siṃha, son of the Cakravartin king Śaṅkha, anoints [his] eldest son Udrāyaṇa as king.
a3 Having taken the diadem from his own head [and] having put it on Udrāyaṇa’s head, he says: || in the Hariṇapluta tune || Receive the earth as a gift to watch over, which has come (to you) by inheritance, son!
a4 Do not violate the rule laid down by your ancestors and fathers! Observe proper behavior, give gifts [and] carry out sacrifices! Pay homage to the good ones
a4+ [and] punish the negligent ones (because of [their negligence of their] duties)!
a5 1.
a5+ Thereupon the king Siṃha, together with 84,000 excellent beings, like the heavenly king, (receiving) ovations [and] blessings from countless creatures, moves out from the city (Ketumatī).
a6 Where the Samantapuṣpa-monastery is, there he goes. Having arrived in the monastery, he sees the venerable Buddha Maitreya, adorned with [his] ornaments and Lakṣaṇas (on his splendid body). Being amazed he says:
a7 Oh what a sight! Oh what virtue! Oh what splendour!
a7+ As if a thousand suns, as if a thousand moons ... provided, had entirely risen, as if a crowd of a hundred thousand lightnings were placed in one row on the earth, as if there was a house with upper terrace all aglow, entirely consisting of jewels, as if ... [there] was a Pārijāta-tree, as if there was a mountain made of Jambūnada-gold, adorned with wish-gems, (also) glowing with rays, adorned with pleasure and glory: such is this body (endowed with Buddhahood of the Buddha) Maitreya.
b2 || In the Kutsmāt tune: || It [i.e. the Buddha's body] lets it rain loveliness, it produces brightness in thought. It makes joy and delight grow, drives away suffering and sorrow from the mind. It destroys dullness [i.e. absence of brightness], adorns [and] embellishes the own (self),
b2+ the body endowed with Buddhahood, (which is to be) seen (without ever being satiated).
b3 1. || Oh what a wonderful thing! In the disc of the face of this Buddha-god Maitreya even Buddhas that have arisen earlier, adorned and embellished with the thirty-two L(akṣaṇas) can be seen clearly.
b4+ To wit: The venerable Ratnaśikhin, Praṇāda, Śrīsambhava, Kauṇḍiṇya, Sudarśana, Sunetra, Dhṛtirāṣṭra, ..., Dīpaṅkara, Prabhaṅkara, Tamonuda, Siṃha, Mahendra, Aniruddha, Sūjāta, Candra, Sumana, (H)arīcit (?), Paramārthadarśin, Atyuttama, Uttara, Śreṣṭhin, Śamitāri, Aṅgīrasa, Bhāgīratha, Brahman, Brahmāyu, Brahmadatta, Indradana, Ratnaśaila, Sarvārthasādhana, Indradhvaja, Sarv(ābhibhū), Ratnadhuri, Padmottara, Yaśottara, Suvādin, Vimala, Prabodhana, Jitāri, Vāsiṣṭha, Jyotiketu, Ṛṣabha, Bharadvāja, Hitaiṣin, Arthadarśin, Vi(raja), (Tiṣ)ya, Puṣya, Vipaśyin, Śikhin, Viśvabhu, Krakasundi, (Kanakamuni, Kāśyapa, Śākyamuni): [These] Buddhas are clearly seen in the disc of his face. || ...

Other

a3+ Die durch [Erb]folge [auf dich] gekommene Erde nimm entgegen, um [sie] zu beherrschen, [mein] Sohn! Die von den Ahnen [und] Vätern aufgestellte Regel, die überschreite nicht! Bewahre die Sittenvorschrift, gib Gabe[n und] vollziehe Opfer! Bezeuge den Guten Verehrung [und] strafe die Pflichtvergessenen! (Schmidt 1974: 201, 404, 509)
a4 Don't break the rule established by ancestors and fathers! (Peyrot 2013c: 242)
a7+ Just as if thousand suns, as if thousand moons provided (with) … had arisen in one row, as if a mass of millions of lightnings were standing in one row on the earth, as if there were an upper apartment of fully glowing jewels, as if there were a … Pārijāta tree, as if there were a mountain of Jāmbūnada gold, adorned with cintāmaṇi jewels, also adorned with glowing rays, [and] with pleasure and dignity— so [is] the (Buddha rank) body of the (Buddha) Maitreya. (cf 53, 56) (Peyrot 2013c: 652)
b2 Er [scil. der buddhaschaftliche Körper] lässt Schönheit regnen, er erzeugt im Geiste Glanz, er lässt Sehnsucht [und] Freude wachsen, er vertreibt Schmerz [und] Kummer aus dem Gemüt, er vernichtet die Glanzlosigkeit, er schmückt [und] ziert (das) eigene (Selbst) [= einen]. (Schmidt 1974: 126, 311-2, 421, 509-10)
b3+ Auf der Gesichtsscheibe dieses Buddha Maitreya werden auch die früher aufgestandenen Buddhas, mit den 32 L(akṣaṇas geschmückt [und]) geziert, deutlich gesehen. (Schmidt 1974: 232)

Commentary

Remarks

Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
This almost complete leaf belongs to the same manuscript as A 254, which it immediately follows. The manuscript as a whole includes A 251 - A 294 (cf. Geng et al. 2004b: 64-65).

Parallel texts

MaitrHami, MaitrSiŋgim

Philological commentary

n1 There is a gap of about 25 syllables in the middle of this line (Geng et al. 2004b: 53); the tune Citraśoka has a strophe 4x17 syllables, rhythm 6/6/5 (Geng et al. 2004b: 55, fn. 120).
n2 The tune Hariṇapluta has a strophe of 4x12 syllables, rhythm 5/7 (Geng et al. 2004b: 50, fn. 212).
n3 The tune Kutsmāt has a strophe of 4x12 syllables, rhythm 5/7 (Geng et al. 2004b: 56, fn. 122).
n4 The Buddha-name, probably consisting of 2-3 akṣara, at the end of this line is destroyed (Geng et al. 2004b: 53, fn. 114).
n5 For the identification of the names of the Buddhas, cf. Geng et al. 2004b: 57-58. See also the discussion in Ogihara 2014c: 38ff.

References

Online access

IDP: THT 889; TITUS: THT 889

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1921a: 131-132; Thomas and Krause 1964; Geng et al. 2004b: 51f; Sieg and Siegling 1921a p. 131, p. 132

Translations

Carling 2000: a2 (404), a3 (194), a6 a7 (156); Geng et al. 2004b: a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 a7 a8 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7 b8 (51f); Hackstein 1995: a4 (175), b2 (85, 137), b4 (250); Knoll 1996: a3 (58), a5 (53), a7 (28, 45); Kölver 1965: a4 (63), a6 (82), b2 (140), b8 (109); Peyrot 2013c: a4 (242), a7 a8 b1 b2 (652); Pinault 1997e: a1 a2 a3 a4 a5 a6 a7 a8 b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 b6 b7 b8; Schmidt 1974: a3 a4 (201, 404, 509), b2 (311f, 421, 509f), b2 (126, 311-2, 421, 509-10), b2 b3 (126), b3 b4 (232); Thomas 1952: a4 (61); Thomas 1958b: a3 a4 (296), a3 a4 (304); Thomas 1963: a3 a4 (45); Thomas 1968b: a5 (203), a7ff (225), b3ff (230); Thomas 1969a: a3 a4 (256), a7ff (250); Thomas 1970b: b1 (269), b2 b3 (279); Thomas 1972b: b2 (456); Thomas 1975: a3 a4 (311); Thomas 1981: a3 a4 (495); Thomas 1983a: a3 (32), a6 a7 (31); Thomas 1989: a6 (23); Thomas 1990: b1 (46); Thomas 1991b: a6 a7 (10); Thomas 1997: a7 a8 (96), a8 (97), b1 b2 (97)

Bibliography

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Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

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Knoll 1996

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