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A 229

Known as:A 229; THT 862
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz. "A 229". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-a229 (accessed 12 Apr. 2024).

Edition

Editor:Adrian Musitz

Provenience

Main find spot:Šorčuq
Specific find spot:Stadthöhle
Expedition code:T III Š 79.13
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Language:TA
Script:late

Text contents

Title of the work:Maitreyāvadānavyākaraṇa
Text genre:Literary
Meter:M15

Object

Manuscript:MAV-α
Following fragment:A 230
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:7

Images

Images from titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de by courtesy of the Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS).

Transliteration

a1/// ¯r kuce ne ce mwra sa¯ ¯ñä wä rta¯ ¯nt tsa kse w· – – ¯t : ā lu ma ska nta rma sa lya ma¯ ¯s̝ wä¯ ¯rt tska ssi ku pre
a2/// ā kna tsaṃ pa ltsa kyo : pru ta kse¯ ¯ñcä p[a] tw· rm[aṃ] ā tnaṃ pa¯ ¯t ype po ra ntaṃ : sma le tā rśo nyo ku rya¯ ¯r ypa
a3/// sśkaṃ : sne ta mpe pa tnu tā lo ñcä śśi wra sa śśi ku pre pa¯ ¯t : a śrā ddho ne yo sne kā ruṃ ā kntsā¯ ¯ñä wra sa¯ ¯ñä –
a4/// rau rā pña re yaṃ wra sa¯ ¯ñä tmaṃ sa nta¯ ¯r ṣa kka – ku pre ne mā a ntu śśi lo tke ce¯ ¯m : mā o nmiṃ ypa nta¯ ¯r ma
a5/// pu¯ ¯k me – – : 40 3 ku cnu śkaṃ pra ka¯ ¯l ma – rau rā pña re yaṃ : we ka¯ ¯nt ta ryā kśkaṃ ko ri¯ ¯s śtwa rka¯ ¯nt tmāṃ pu
a6/// ¯ñä ca· ña r· yaṃ tmaṃ sa nta¯ ¯r 40 4 tā – ña re yaṃ na peṃ ṣi nā¯ ¯s pu klā yo : ñu ka¯ ¯nt wi ki śkaṃ ṣa pi
a7/// [¯l] ka – – lnu pra tā pa naṃ – – – – [a] vī śaṃ : 40 5 ṣu rma¯ ¯nt mā wī kā¯ ¯s̝ o ma ske na ṣmā pā s̝[ta]
b1/// ā ñme – – kusa kka tsaṃ – – – – – ne ña re ntwaṃ kupā rwra sa¯ ¯s : 40 6 na ṣta mne wä knā ṣu rma¯ ¯nt ce
b2/// ly[eṃ] me tra – ¯t pa ttāṃ ñka¯ ¯t : ta myo pu – pra ṣtaṃ yma ssu wra se¯ ¯s ska mma ska¯ ¯l lya lypu ntwaṃ : 40 7 ke
b3/// yaṃ wa ñi – ka lpo ṣte : e ntsa ṣi ṣū raṃ wa w[i] ku ṣśkaṃ pa ltska ṣte¯ ¯ñcä : ki psu¯ ¯s̝ śā ñi nu¯ ¯s̝ o ma ske nä smā
b4/// : ku ppre pe nu ce mpra ṣtā sa rki yā me ñccaṃ o [ma] skeṃ : u mpa rñä¯ ¯nä pa tnu na ṣū nta śśa¯ ¯l trī wo ra¯ ¯s̝ : kle
b5/// nu o ma skeṃ śla pra ski nu ype¯ ¯ñcä o nmiṃ ypa nta rpā kra śi ypa nta rpe : ku pre mā cä mpe pu¯ ¯k lya lypu
b6/// ā rki śo ṣyaṃ pa ttāṃ ñkta¯ ¯ñä : ṣa kka¯ ¯ts [c]e [s]·· śśa¯ ¯l ṣi ya¯ ¯k ku mse śa lpa nta¯ ¯r a ntu ṣce¯ ¯m ta myo
b7/// : 50-1 t[aṃ] yä rmaṃ taṃ ñi caṃ kā vvi ṣi re t·e – – – ī me pa ltsa¯ ¯k ye¯ ¯s̝ ā rśi ka ntwā ri twä ssi ka na śa¯ ¯l

(continues on A 230)

Transcription

40b a115σ /// r «:»
40c kuce ne cem wrasañ ; wärtant tsäkse ; w· – – t :
40d ālu mäskantär ; masal yamäṣ ; wärt tskässi ; kupre a2 (:) (40)
41a 12σ
41b /// ; āknatsaṃ ; pältsäkyo :
41c prutäkseñc pat w· rmaṃ ; ātnaṃ pat ype ; poräntaṃ :
41d smale tārśonyo ; kuryar ypa a3
42a 11σ /// s śkaṃ :
42b sne tampe pat nu ; tāloñcäśśi ; wrasaśśi ; kupre pat :
42c aśrāddhoneyo ; sne kāruṃ ākn;tsāñ wrasañ (:)
42d a415σ
43a /// ; raurāp ñare;yaṃ wrasañ «:»
43b tmäṃsantär ṣakk a(ts) ; kupre ne ; antuśśi ; lotke cem :
43c onmiṃ ypantär ; ma a5
43d 11σ /// puk ; me – – : 40-3
44a kuc nu śkaṃ prakṣäl ; ma – raurāp ; ñareyaṃ :
44b we känt taryāk śkaṃ ; koris śtwar känt ; tmāṃ pua6(klā) ;
44c 12σ
44d /// ñ ca· ; ñar(e)yaṃ ; tmäṃsantär 40-4
45a tā(paṃ) ñareyaṃ ; napeṃṣinās ; puklāyo :
45b ñu känt wiki śkaṃ ; ṣa pi a7
45c 12σ
45d /// l ka – – l nu ; pratāpanaṃ ; – – – – ; avīśaṃ : 40-5
46a ṣurmant wīkāṣ ; omäskenäṣ ; pāṣtäb1(r)
46b 15σ
46c /// ; āñme – (:)
46d kusakk atsaṃ – – ; – – – ne ; ñarentwaṃ ; kupār wrasas : 40-6
47a naṣ tämne wäknā ; ṣurmant ce b2
47b 15σ
47c /// ; lyeṃ metra – t ; pättāṃñkät :
47d tämyo pu(k) praṣtaṃ ; ymassu wrases ; skam mäskal ; lyalypuntwaṃ : 40-7
48a ke b311σ
48b /// yaṃ ; wañi – ; kälpoṣ te :
48c entsaṣi ṣūraṃ ; wawikuṣ śkaṃ ; pältskaṣ teñc :
48d kipsuṣ śāñinuṣ ; omäskenäs ; b4
49a 12σ /// :
49b kuppre penu cem ; praṣtā särki ; yāmeñc caṃ ; omäskeṃ :
49c umparñän pat nu ; naṣūntaśśäl ; trīworäṣ :
49d kle b5 14σ
50a /// nu ; omäskeṃ «:»
50b śla praski nu ypeñc ; onmiṃ ypantär ; pākraśi ; ypantär pe :
50c kupre cämpe ; puk lyalypu b6
50d 15σ
51a /// ; ārkiśoṣyaṃ ; pättāṃñktañ :
51b ṣakk ats ces(ma)śśäl ; ṣiyak kumse ; śalpantär ; antuṣ cem «:»
51c tämyo b710σ
51d 15σ /// : 50-1
52a taṃ yärmaṃ taṃ ñi ; caṃ kāvviṣi ; ret(w)e – – (:)
52b īme pältsäk yeṣ ; ārśi käntwā ; ritwässi ; kanaśäl (:)

(continues on A 230)

Translation

a1 Because the beings burn forests, they become causers for others to burn a forest...
a2 ... with ignorant mind... Or they shut into a cave, a wrist among spiders and beetles (?).n1
a2+ They do trade through lie and deceit...
a3 Or wether the ignorant beings, without compassion, through unbelief... of the powerless, poor beings....
a4 /// the beings will surely be reborn in the Raurāva hell, unless they turn away from there ...
a4+ They do not feel remorse...
a5 What is to be asked? In the Raurāva-hell (they live?) for 2304000000 years...
a6 ... they are born in the... hell... In the Tāpana-hell, in human years, they (live) nine hundred twenty...
a7 He will not drive off the causes if he does not protect himself against evil.
b1 Whoever... in the deep hells... beings...
b1+ There is... in this way... causes...
b2 ... the Buddha Maitreya... Thus, at all times, a being must always be mindful of its deeds.
b3 they will have obtained pleasure ..., and they will have driven off the seed of greed from their mind[s],
b3+ ashamed and abashed they ... the evil ones ...
b4 And what if they do evil according to the [spirit of] the times? Or having mingled with en evil friend...
b5 Mais ils font le mal avec crainte, ils éprouvent du remords, ils confessent aussi.
b5+ Whether they are unable... every deed...
b6 (when) the Buddhas (rise) in the world, they [i.e. the beings] will indeed come together with them and will consequently be set free.
b7 51. Accordingly, my spirit and thought concerning this kāvya opus/composition of a kāvya were directed toward the composition in Ārśi language in poetic form/according to the metre.

(continues on A 230)

Other

a1 Welche Menschen da die Wälder verbrennen ... (Schmidt 1974: 132)
a4 In der Raurava-Hölle werden die wesen sicherlich [wieder-]geboren werden, wenn sie nicht von dort umkehren. (Schmidt 1974: 105)
a7 He will not drive off the causes if he does not protect himself against evil. (cf 306) (Peyrot 2013b: 248)
a7 ... wenn er sich nicht vor dem Bösen hütet. (Schmidt 1974: 84)
a7+ Die Ursachen wird er nicht beseitigen, wenn er sich von dem Bösen nicht hütet. (Schmidt 1974: 306, 310, fn. 2)
b3 they will have obtained pleasure …, and they will have driven off the seed of greed from their mind[s], ashamed and abashed they … the evil ones … (Peyrot 2013b: 621)
b4 And what if they do evil according to the [spirit of] the times (cf 342) (Peyrot 2013b: 632)
b5 [Wenn] sie ... aber Böses (tun), [so] tun sie [es] mit Furcht, empfinden Reue [und] bekunden sie auch. (Schmidt 1974: 338, 348)
b6 (Wenn sich) die Buddhas in der Welt (erheben), kommen sie [scil. die Wesen] sicherlich mit ihnen zusammen [und] werden alsdann erlöst. (Schmidt 1974: 475)

Commentary

Remarks

Transcription and references have been transferred from the "Text and Reference Database of the Tocharian A Language" (Gerd Carling Lund University) (funded by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and SCAS).
Transcription and translation are based on Carling et al. 2009.
Immediately followed by A 230.

Philological commentary

n1 This line is far from clear. In A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A, s.v. porant* interpret this passage as describing hell. This is unlikely, considering the context. The line should rather describe some sort of evil deed.

References

Online access

IDP: THT 862; TITUS: THT 862

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1921: 114-115; Sieg and Siegling 1921 p. 114, p. 115

Translations

Carling 2000: a5 (404), a6 (311), b4 (341, 342); Hackstein 1995: a7 (175), b6 (306); Knoll 1996: b1 (142); Kölver 1965: a6 (24), a7 (147); Meunier 2013: b5 (129, 141, 178, 179); Peyrot 2013b: a7 (248), b3 (621), b4 (632); Schmidt 1974: a1 (132), a4 (105), a7 (84, 306, 310 n.2), a7 (84), a7 A 230 a8 (306, 310, fn. 2), b4 (338 n.1), b5 (338, 348), b6 (475); Sieg 1916: b7 (562); Thomas 1952: b2 (19); Thomas 1954: b7 (726); Thomas 1957: b7 (67), b7 A 230 a1 (150); Thomas 1970: b3 (271)

Bibliography

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Carling et al. 2009

Carling, Gerd, Georges-Jean Pinault, and Werner Winter. 2009. A dictionary and thesaurus of Tocharian A. Volume 1: Letters a-j. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Knoll 1996

Knoll, Gabriele. 1996. “Die Verwendungsweisen der Adjektive im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Kölver 1965

Kölver, Bernhard. 1965. “Der Gebrauch der sekundären Kasus im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Frankfurt am Main.

Meunier 2013

Meunier, Fanny. 2013. “Typologie des locutions en yām- du tokharien.” Tocharian and Indo-European Studies 14: 123–85.

Peyrot 2013b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2013b. The Tocharian subjunctive. A study in syntax and verbal stem formation. Vol. 8. Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD thesis, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg 1916

Sieg, Emil. 1916. “Ein einheimischer Name für Toχrï.” Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 560–65.

Sieg and Siegling 1921

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1921. Tocharische Sprachreste, I. Band. Die Texte. A. Transcription. Berlin/Leipzig: de Gruyter.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”

Thomas 1952

Thomas, Werner. 1952. Die tocharischen Verbaladjektive auf -l. Deutsche Akad. der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut für Orientforschung 9. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.

Thomas 1954

Thomas, Werner. 1954. “Die Infinitive im Tocharischen.” In Asiatica. Festschrift Friedrich Weller. Zum 65. Geburtstag, gewidmet von seinen Freunden, Kollegen und Schülern, edited by Johannes Schubert and Ulrich Schneider, 701–64. Leipzig: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1970

Thomas, Werner. 1970. “Zu einer stilistischen Besonderheit im Tocharischen.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 84: 254–80.