• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Cite this page as:"cinauptentse". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 26 Feb. 2024).
Meaning:Name in monastic records
Semantic field:personal name
Word class:noun
Equivalent in other languages:Skt. jinagupta-
Lexeme variants:cinauptentse


sg pl du
nom cinaupte, cinaute
gen cinauptentse
abl cinaupteṃnmeṃ, cinaupteneṃnmeṃ

Lexeme family


Interpreted by Schmidt 1985a as a hybrid name composed of Skt. jina- 'victorious' or Cīna- (pl.) 'Chinese' and an iranian second part equated with middle Persian -uft < pati- 'lord'. But such an hybrid formation isn't very likely in regard to the Tocharian onomastic system. Thus, the explanation of the the second part by Pinault 2002a: 247-248 as a reflex of Skt. gutpa- gives a better sense : 'protected by the Conqueror (= the Buddha)'. The name was transmitted through a middle Indian intermediary and the intervocalic stop was weakened, which is a trivial development in Middle-Indic, cf. von Hinüber 1986: 94. The consonantal group -pt- (normally > -tt- in Middle-Indic) was restored after the Sanskrit model. The assimilated form may be attested in . See also citraupte and wiryaupte.



Pinault 2002a

Pinault, Georges-Jean. 2002a. “Tocharian and Indo-Iranian: Relations between two linguistic areas.” In Indo-Iranian Languages and Peoples, edited by Nicholas Sims-Williams, 116:243–84. Proceedings of the British Academy. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Schmidt 1985a

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1985a. “Zu einigen der ältesten iranischen Lehnwörter im Tocharischen.” In Studia Linguistica, Diachronica et Synchronica. Werner Winter sexagenario anno MCMLXXIII gratis animis ab eius collegis, amicis discipulisque oblata, edited by Ursula Pieper and Gerhard Stickel, 757–67. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

von Hinüber 1986

von Hinüber, Oskar. 1986. Das ältere Mittelindisch im Überblick. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaft.