CEToM | THT 465

Work in progress

THT 465

Known as:THT 465; B 465; Bleistiftnummer 2575
Cite this page as:Adrian Musitz. "THT 465". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-tht465&outputformat=print (accessed 23 May 2024).


Editor:Adrian Musitz


Language and Script

Linguistic stage:late

Text contents

Text genre:Non-literary
Text subgenre:Account


Material: ink on paper


Images from idp.bbaw.de by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// [n]ma śwā ra to¯ ¯m ko
a2/// yi rma kkai la ri śka ntse ka [pc]i ///
a3/// – rpṣu ki pu tte yā [n]e ·e [ka] pci
a4/// ci nai śe lyā ka se ka pci [¤]


a1/// (caka)nma śwāra tom ko(ysaṃ) -
a2-yirmakkain1 /// yirmakkai lariśkantse kapci ///
a3/// (yi)rpṣuki putteyāne(nts)e kapci
a4/// cinaiśe lyāka se kapci ¤


a1... piculs, four pecks. koysaṃn
a2... The yirmakka Lariśka's finger-measure.
a3... The yirpṣuki Putteyāne's finger-measure.
a4... Cinaiśe saw it. This (is his) finger-measure.


Philological commentary

Supposing that this has something to do with the personal name koyṣiśke (IOL Toch 258 a1), we might assume that this is the plural of a putative *koyso (cf. kercapo - kercapiśke). Further, since this word appears after the units of measurement, it behaves similarly to kewye. Thus, we could assume that koysaṃ also denotes some sort of animal (which would also square well with the onomastics). However, since the context is so fragmentary, nothing can be said for certain.
n1Restored after THT 466 a1.


Online access

IDP: THT 465; TITUS: THT 465


Sieg 1950: 216-217; Sieg and Siegling 1953: 298; Ching 2010: 285


Ching 2010

Ching, Chao-jung. 2010. “Secular documents in Tocharian: Buddhist economy and society in the Kucha region.” {PhD}, Paris: École Pratique des Hautes Études.


“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Sieg 1950

Sieg, Emil. 1950. “Geschäftliche Aufzeichnungen in Tocharisch B aus der Berliner Sammlung.” Miscellanea Academica Berlinensia II, 2: 208–223 + I.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.

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