• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

THT 261

Known as:THT 261; B 261; THT 2973.a; THT 2973.b
Cite this page as:"THT 261". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 07 Dec. 2023).


Main find spot:Qizil Miŋ-Öy
Specific find spot:Rothkuppelraum
Expedition code:T III MQR 88
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script

Linguistic stage:archaic

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Kāvya
Meter:M17; M9


Manuscript:THT 252-265
Material: ink on paper
Number of lines:5


Images from by courtesy of the International Dunhuang Project Berlin, the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften, and the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Orientabteilung.


a1/// ka lle [s]· [pa] ssa kwä ///
a2/// ññe sa o stmeṃ lna s̝s̝aṃ kuse mā ///
a3/// ·[t]· spa kt[ā] [nṣe] yä rpo te ścma ntā ka [nma] s̝[s̝]aṃ ///
a4/// || a ñcā la rne yā mu sa ///
a5/// m· s·· 1 – w·o [c]·e – – ///
b1/// [k]· [kr]· [p]· ///
b2/// lm[e](·) s[o] [y]lñ[e] [yä] [nmā] s̝s̝aṃ 3 e ṣ[k]e ///
b3/// l[m]e : [wsā] sta lau te [la] lñe ṣṣe sa kwa[¯] [¯]śc ///
b4/// ṅ[k]e [ś]ai ṣṣ· tri śa lle 5 [tau] [ru] ///
b5/// [y]ä rke [nt]· [m]āṃ twe [:] [6] ///


Xx /// kalles(a) pässäkwä /// a2
Xx 13σ /// ññesa ostmeṃ
Xx lnäṣṣäṃ kuse mā /// 13σ
a3 /// ·t· spaktānṣe yärpo teśc mantā känmäṣṣäṃ ///
a4 /// ॥
1a añcāl ṣärne ; yāmusa ///
Xx a5/// m· s·· 1 – w(r)oc(c)e – – ///
Xx b1/// k(a)kr(au)p(au) ///
3c b2
3d /// lme· ; soylñe yänmāṣṣäṃ 3
4a eṣke ///
4c b3 /// lme :
4d wsāsta laute ; lälñeṣṣe säkwaśc
5a ///
5c b4
5d /// ṅke ; śaiṣṣ(e) triśälle 5
6a tau ru ///
6c b5
6d /// yärkent· māṃ twe : 6



THT 261 has been re-published as THT 2973.a-b.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008b A1
Tamai 2011a C14


Online access

IDP: THT 261, THT 2973; TITUS: THT 261, THT 2973


Sieg and Siegling 1953: 160; Tamai 2007a: №2973


Thomas 1952: b4 (35)



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Peyrot 2008b

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008b. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2007a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2007a. “A preliminary edition of unpublished texts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” Thesaurus indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan collection.

Tamai 2011a

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011a. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1952

Thomas, Werner. 1952. Die tocharischen Verbaladjektive auf -l. Deutsche Akad. der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut für Orientforschung 9. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.


Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.”