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THT 221

Known as:THT 221; B 221; Bleistiftnummer 2748
Cite this page as:"THT 221". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. https://cetom.univie.ac.at/?m-tht221 (accessed 30 May 2024).

Provenience

Main find spot:Kizil Ming-öy
Specific find spot:Rothkuppelraum
Expedition code:T III MQR 74 (on the frame), T III MQ 49 (on the fragment)
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection

Language and Script

Language:TB
Linguistic stage:classical
Add. linguistic characteristics:archaic
Script:classical

Text contents

Text genre:Literary
Text subgenre:Buddhastotra
Verse/Prose:verse
Meter:M18

Object

Manuscript:THT 220-223
Material: ink on paper
Form:Poṭhī
Number of lines:5

Images

Transliteration

a1ys· : wa rsa i te me tta tta rṣṣe a ra ñc· ṣṣ· sa mu dra ta¯ ¯ñä so so yu klā tai ///
a2ke • pe lai kne ṣṣe ke ru sa pi¯ ¯śä cme la ṣṣeṃ ka kā tai ri¯ ¯śä ne rvā nṣai 10-1 re ki ///
a3tsa ññe o rka mñe ka lymi ka [lym]· [m]·· yt[a] po yśyā le kra : tsa tkw[aṃ] ///
a4hā rtteṃ¯ ¯ts wa lo ra e śne wsā [sta] o nwa ñe i [k]· lkā tsi¯ ¯śc 10 2 [ta] ///
a5k[ña] na swa ñcai yno po ka ly[m]i ntsa cä rkā sta mai yta rṣṣa na • ta¯ ¯ñ s[wa] ///
b1[n]tsa wa wā rp· gra [ha] nma n· m· ñe ra s̝pa ktā sā tai 10 3 pa l[au] [na] ///
b2sa ka krau pau wa ya rpo nta [m]·ā nte ce neṃ • ai śa mñe ṣe sa mū dra [pe] ///
b3ye nta ka rā nte¯ ¯c śtwā ra we rt[s]yaṃ 10 4 snai ypa rwe ce saṃ sā ///
b4krā ke sa wa wā la ṣpo pa lsko nta la kle lkā skeṃ • pe lai kne ṣṣe wa rsa ta¯ ¯ñä ///
b5l[n]eṃ po yä nma skeṃ snai ypro skai kre¯ ¯ñ[c]ä [ka] klau tka¯ ¯s̝ 10 5 e ka ma tte ka ///

Transcription

11a17σ a1 ys· :
11bwarsa ite ; me«†tta»ttärṣṣe ; aräñc(ä)ṣṣ(e) ; samudrä ; täñ sosoyu
11cklātai /// 14σ (pre)a2ke
11dpelaikneṣṣe ; kerusa ; piś cmelaṣṣeṃ ; kakātai ; riś nervānṣai 10-1
12areki /// 17σ
12b(aknā)a3tsaññe ; orkämñe ; kälymi kälym(i) ; m(yā)yta ; poyśy ālek ra :
12ctsätkwaṃ /// 16σ
12d(su) (ma)a4hārtteṃts ; walo ra ; eśne wsāsta ; onwañe ; ik(e) lkātsiśc 10-2
13a /// 17σ
13b(ysā-yo)a5kñana ; swañcaiyno ; po kälymintsa ; cärkāsta ; maiytarṣṣana
13ctäñ swa /// 16σ
13d(ṣamāne)b1ntsa ; wawārp(au) ; grahanman(e) ; m(e)ñe ra ; ṣpä-k tāsātai 10-3
14apalauna /// 15σ
14b b2 sa ; kakraupauwa ; yarponta ; m·āntec eneṃ
14caiśamñeṣe ; samūdrä ; pe /// 10σ
14d ; (naumi)b3yenta ; karānte-c ; śtwāra wertsyaṃ 10-4
15asnai yparwece ; saṃsā(rne) ; /// 11σ
15b b4 ; krākesa ; wawālaṣ po ; pälskonta ; läkle lkāskeṃ
15cpelaikneṣṣe ; warsa tañ ; /// 11σ
15d b5 lneṃ ; po yänmaskeṃ ; snaiy proskai ; kreñc kaklautkaṣ 10-5
16aekämätte ; kä(tkau) (yneś) ; /// 11σ

Translation

a1The ocean that is your heart, full of the water of friendship, is satiated.
a1+You brought... time...
a2With the drum of the law, you called the (beings) of the five births into the city of Nirvāna. ... the word...
a2+You dissipated ignorance and darkness in every direction as another Buddha.
a3... perverse...
a3+As the king of mahārttesn , you gave (your) eyes to see the immortal place.
a4+You emitted golden rays of friendship in all directions.
a5... your...
a5+Surrounded by monks, you have set yourself apart like the moon among the planets.n
b1... praise...
b2... the gathered good deeds ran (?)n into you. The ocean of knowledge...
b2+... the four assemblies... gathered your jewels (?)...
b3In the beginningless Saṃsāra...
b4All who have wrapped their thoughts in filth endure suffering. Through your law-water...
b5... having turned good, they all enter... without fear. Future, past, present...

Other

a2Mit der Gesetzestrommel hast du die [Wesen] der fünf Geburtsklassen zur Nirvāṇastadt gerufen. (Schmidt 1974: 380)
b1Und auch wie der Mond unter den Planeten hast du dich, von Mönchen umgeben, ausgenommen. (Schmidt 1974: 289)

Commentary

Parallel texts

THT 207, THT 215

Philological commentary

This seems to be referring to the Śibi Jātaka, in which Indra visits king Śibi - a former incarnation of the Buddha - in the form of a blind brahmin and begs for one of his eyes. The king then gives him both of his eyes. His eyes then reappear in his eyesockets because of his merits, but with a supernatural ability to see all objects everywhere. (https://jatakastories.div.ed.ac.uk/stories-in-text/aryasuras-jatakamala-2/) mahārtte is connected to skr. mahārtha by Adams 1999, q.v. But this does not make sense in the context.
I interpret ṣpäk tās- as a set phrase meaning something like "set oneself apart".
Reading m·āntec as m(k)ānte-c.

Alternative linguistic/paleographic classifications

Peyrot 2008A3
Tamai 2011C1
Tamai 2011C14

References

Online access

IDP: THT 221; TITUS: THT 221

Edition

Sieg and Siegling 1953: 132

Translations

Carling 2000: a2 (163, 165), a3 (105), a5 (106); Hackstein 1995: b1 (58); Schmidt 1974: a2 (380), b1 (289); Thomas 1957: a1 (261), a2 (171), a3 (171), a4 (171), a5 (172), b1 (172), b3 (172); Thomas 1968: a3 (205), b1 (209); Thomas 1969: b1 (241); Thomas 1970: a1 (278), a2 (278); Thomas 1993: a1=B207a3 (170), a2=B207a4 (170), a4=B207b3=B215a4 (170), b1=B215b2 (171), b1 b2 (170); Thomas 1997: b4 (100), b5 (111)

Bibliography

Adams 1999

Adams, Douglas Q. 1999. A dictionary of Tocharian B. Leiden Studies in Indo-European 10. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Carling 2000

Carling, Gerd. 2000. Die Funktion der lokalen Kasus im Tocharischen. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.

Hackstein 1995

Hackstein, Olav. 1995. Untersuchungen zu den sigmatischen Präsensstammbildungen des Tocharischen. HS Erg.-Heft 38. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

IDP

“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d. http://idp.bl.uk.

Peyrot 2008

Peyrot, Michaël. 2008. Variation and change in Tocharian B. Vol. 15. Leiden Studies in Indo-European. Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi.

Schmidt 1974

Schmidt, Klaus T. 1974. “Die Gebrauchsweisen des Mediums im Tocharischen.” PhD, Universität Göttingen.

Sieg and Siegling 1953

Sieg, Emil, and Wilhelm Siegling. 1953. Tocharische Sprachreste. Sprache B, Heft 2. Fragmente Nr. 71-633. Edited by Werner Thomas. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Tamai 2011

Tamai, Tatsushi. 2011. Paläographische Untersuchungen zum B-Tocharischen. Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft 138. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen.

Thomas 1957

Thomas, Werner. 1957. Der Gebrauch der Vergangenheitstempora im Tocharischen. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Thomas 1968

Thomas, Werner. 1968. “Zur Verwendung von toch. A oki/B ramt und A mäṃtne/B mäkte in Vergleichen.” Orbis 17: 198–231.

Thomas 1969

Thomas, Werner. 1969. “Bemerkungen zum Gebrauch von toch. A ptāñkät [B pañäkte, pudñäkte], A koṃ [B kauṃ]: A koṃñkät [B kauṃñäkte] usw.” Orbis 18: 235–68.

Thomas 1970

Thomas, Werner. 1970. “Zu einer stilistischen Besonderheit im Tocharischen.” Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Sprachforschung 84: 254–80.

Thomas 1993

Thomas, Werner. 1993. Parallele Texte im Tocharischen und ihre Bewertung. Vol. 5. SbWGF, XXX. Stuttgart: Steiner.

Thomas 1997

Thomas, Werner. 1997. Interpretationsprobleme im Tocharischen. Unflektiertes A puk, B po “ganz, all, jeder”. Vol. 3. SbWGF, XXXV. Stuttgart: Steiner.

TITUS

Gippert, Jost, Katharina Kupfer, Christiane Schaefer, and Tatsushi Tamai. n.d. “Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien (TITUS): Tocharian Manuscripts from the Berlin Turfan Collection.” http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/tocharic/thtframe.htm.