• The Zotero library underlying the CEToM bibliography is now public and can be viewed here.
  • We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Oberlies and Pratik Rumde from the Seminar für Indologie und Tibetologie of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen for providing our project with scans of the nachlass of Wilhelm Siegling. The nachlass includes letters to and from Siegling throughout his career that are of great importance to the history of the field of Tocharian studies. This material will be published on CEToM, accompanied by transcriptions of the letters, in the course of 2024.


Work in progress

A 408.o

Known as:A 408.o; THT 1042o; Bleistiftnummer 3111
Cite this page as:Michaël Peyrot. "A 408.o". In A Comprehensive Edition of Tocharian Manuscripts (CEToM). Created and maintained by Melanie Malzahn, Martin Braun, Hannes A. Fellner, and Bernhard Koller. (accessed 01 Dec. 2023).


Editor:Michaël Peyrot


Main find spot:Siŋgim
Expedition code:T II S 19.21
Collection:Berlin Turfan Collection (BBAW)

Language and Script


Text contents

Text genre:Literary


Manuscript:A 415-416
Material: ink on paper
Size (h × w):4.5 × 3.5 cm
Number of lines:5



a1/// – ta ṣne 20 [4] ///
a2/// – ne wa ○ ///
a3/// mā po ○ ///
a4/// l·a¯ ¯l ○ ///
b2/// ·[y]· [l]· ○ ///
b3/// [t]· a ne ○ ///
b4/// [ṣ]t[aṃ] s̝ma¯ ¯l ○ ///
b5/// – mā a na pa ///


a1 /// – täṣne 20-4 ///
a2 /// – ne wa ///
a3 /// po ///
a4 /// l·al ///
b2 /// ·y· l· ///
b3 /// t· ane ///
b4 /// (wa)ṣtaṃ ṣmäl ///
b5 /// – anapä(r) ///


a1 ... which 24 ...
a2 ...
a3 ... not ...
a4 ...
b2 ...
b3 ... inside ...
b4 ... is to stay at home ...
b5 ... not in front of ...



In one frame with A 408.j-A 408.n and A 408.p-A 408.r. The upper margin of the recto (lower of the recto) and the left part of the string hole space are preserved. Although this fragment is not edited by Ogihara 2009a, I think that täṣne directly preceding a number (see also A 408.j a2) can also be taken as an indication that this fragment belongs to the Bhikṣuṇī-Prātimokṣasūtra. Therefore, it is provisionally assumed that it belongs to manuscript A 415-416, not to A 406-408.


Online access

IDP: THT 1042o



“The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online.” n.d.

Ogihara 2009a

Ogihara, Hirotoshi. 2009a. “Researches about Vinaya-texts in Tocharian A and B [Recherches sur le Vinaya en tokharien A et B].” PhD thesis, Paris: École Pratique des Hautes Études.